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作者 Häyry, Matti
書名 Ethics in Biomedical Research : International Perspectives
出版項 Amsterdam : BRILL, 2007
©2007
國際標準書號 9789401204194 (electronic bk.)
9789042021792
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (277 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
系列 Values in Bioethics Ser. ; v.v. 186
Values in Bioethics Ser
附註 Intro -- ETHICS IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH: International Perspectives -- CONTENTS -- FOREWORD: Why Bother with Ethics in Biomedical Research? -- PREFACE -- INTRODUCTION: Development, Research, and Vulnerability -- 1. The Internationality of Research Ethics -- 2. Facts, Fears, and Hopes Concerning Development -- 3. Research and Technology as Answers and as Questions -- 4. Vulnerability, Power, and Responsibility -- 5. The Role of International Bioethics -- Part One: FACTS, FEARS, AND HOPES CONCERNING DEVELOPMENT -- ONE New Perspectives on International Research Ethics -- 1. Themes and Background -- 2. How International Collaborative Clinical ResearchIs Conducted: Trends -- 3. Why Do We Persist with the Current Emphasis? -- 4. HIV/AIDS and the Recrudescence of Infectious Diseases -- 5. Persisting Controversies in International Clinical Research -- 6. Standard of Care -- 7. Making Progress through New Perspectives -- 8. Conclusion -- TWO Some Current Issues in the Ethics of Biomedical Research and Their Background in the Protection of the Dignity and Autonomy of the Vulnerable -- 1. Themes and Backgrounds -- 2. Bioethics: Its Scope and Approaches -- 3. Dignity and Autonomy of the Vulnerable -- 4. The First Phase of Bioethics -- 5. The Second Phase of Bioethics -- 6. Dignity, Autonomy, and Stem Cell Research -- 7. Political Rhetoric and Genetically Altered Food Products -- 8. Justice, Solidarity, and International Pharmaceutical Research -- 9. The Paradox of Trust -- 10. Construction by Destruction -- THREE Bioethics and Biomedicine: Developing Countries' Perspective -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Causes of Illness and Mortality in Developing Countries -- 3. Biomedicine Today -- 4. Biomedicine Research in Developing Countries -- 5. Conclusion -- FOUR Brazilian Research Ethics: A North-South Dialogue Aiming to Build a New Culture of Respect -- 1. Introduction
2. The Emergence of Brazilian Research Ethics -- 3. Learning from Developed Countries andInternational Declarations and Documents -- 4. The Brazilian Contribution to the Discussion -- 5. Conclusion -- FIVE Who Sets the Agenda for Health Research in Developing Countries? A Call for More Community Involvement -- 1. Health Research in Developing Countries -- 2. Categories of Health Research -- 3. Research Responsive to Community Health Needs -- 4. Research on Needs within Community Priorities -- 5. Research on Needs Outside Community Priorities -- 6. Revisiting the Three Categories of Research -- Part Two: RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ASANSWERS AND AS QUESTIONS -- SIX Ethical Aspects in Introducing Genetically Modified Organisms for Public Health Purposes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Ethics of Disease Prevention -- 3. Bioethics and Molecular Entomology -- 4. Intrinsic Ethical Issues of Genetic Engineering -- 5. Animal Rights Concerns -- 6. Consent from Trial Participants -- 7. Duty to the Community when Experimental ManipulationsAre done on the Environment instead of on Individuals -- 8. Environmental Risks and Public Consensus -- 9. Ethics of Technology Choices -- 10. Conclusion -- SEVEN The Ethical Review of Research into Rare Genetic Disorders -- 1. Rare Cases -- 2. The Problem -- 3. Research and Clinical Practice -- 4. Toward a More Appropriate Approach toReview of Research into Rare Conditions -- 5. Conclusion -- EIGHT Ongoing and Emerging Biomedical Research Issues at the Beginning of Life: United States Perspectives -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Value of Life and Biomedical Research onFetuses, Embryos, and Pre-Embryos in the United States -- 3. The Value of Life and Therapeutic Cloning in the United States -- 4. The Value of Life and Reproductive Cloning in the United States -- 5. The Value of Life and Ectogenesis in the United States -- 6. Conclusion
NINE Human Stem Cell Research as a Promising Hope for Humankind: A Christian-Ethical Contribution -- 1. Introduction -- 2. A Terminological Clarification -- 3. Societal Reactions -- 4. The Ethical Debate on the Moral Status of the Human Embryo -- 5. Human beings as Created Co-Creators -- 6. Conclusion -- TEN Interrelations between Bioethics and Ethics of Bio technology -- 1. Two Fields of Ethical Concern -- 2. Internal and External Considerations -- 3. Preservation and Safety -- 4. Changes and Hope -- Part Three: VULNERABILITY, POWER,AND RESPONSIBILITY -- ELEVEN Infectious Disease and the Ethics of Research: The Moral Significance of Communicability -- 1. Research and Communicability:The Problem of Risks to Indirect Participants -- 2. Current Informed Consent Policies and Contagiousness -- 3. Historical Examples of Ignoring Contagion:Tuskegee and Willowbrook -- 4. Historical Examples of Considering Contagion:The Common Cold and Polio Vaccine -- 5. Contemporary Examples of Ignoring Contagion -- 6. Considering the Risks to Indirect Participants -- 7. Considering Indirect Participants: How Far to Go? -- TWELVE Is There a Duty to Serve as Research Subjects? -- 1. Two Forms of the Question -- 2. Why Ask the Question? -- 3. Medical Duty and Political Obligation -- 4. Medical Benefits Model -- 5. The Fairness Model -- 6. Harm Prevention Model -- 7. Responsibility to Future Generations and Reciprocity Models -- 8. Conditions under which a Duty to Serve asResearch Subjects May Be Derived -- 9. The Urgency of Research -- 10. Duty and Responsibility -- THIRTEEN Vulnerability in Biomedical Research: A Framework for Analysis -- 1. Two Forms of the Question -- 2. Vulnerability and AIDS:From Epidemiology to Human Rights -- 3. Vulnerability and Biomedical Research Ethics:From Consent to Context
4. A Three-Level Vulnerability Analysis Framework forBiomedical Research Ethics -- 5. Conclusion -- FOURTEEN New Vulnerabilities Raised by Biomedical Research -- 1. Introduction -- 2. From the Necessity for Human Experimentation to thePressing Need for Ethical Reflection -- 3. A Reassessment of Vulnerability in theContext of Human Experimentation -- 4. Conclusions: The Shortcomings of an "Ethic of Rights" and theVindication of an "Ethics of Duty" -- FIFTEEN How to Save the World: Some Alternatives to Biomedical Research -- 1. Introduction: A Pound of Prevention or an Ounce of Cure? -- 2. Education for Disease Prevention -- 3. The Kitchen Garden Model -- 4. Individual Health Autonomy -- 5. Methodological Difficulties in Testing Techniques forExercising Individual Health Autonomy -- 6. Conclusion: Anecdote, the Mother of Science -- ABOUT THE AUTHORS -- INDEX -- VIBS
This book deals with the international assessment and regulation of biomedical research. In its chapters, some of the leading figures in today's bioethics address questions centred on global development, scientific advances, and vulnerability.Values In Bioethics (ViB) makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Häyry, Matti Ethics in Biomedical Research : International Perspectives Amsterdam : BRILL,c2007 9789042021792
主題 Medical ethics -- Congresses.;Bioethics -- Congresses
Electronic books
Alt Author Herissone-Kelly, Peter
Takala, Tuija
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