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作者 Hill, Joseph
書名 Divine knowledge and Islamic authority: Religious specialization among disciples of Baay Nas (draft)
國際標準書號 9780549066590
book jacket
說明 501 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-06, Section: A, page: 2521
Adviser: Kamari M. Clarke
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Yale University, 2007
"Taalibe Baay," or Disciples of the Senegalese Shaykh Ìbrahim (Baay) Nas, form a transnational network defined primarily by relations of religious apprenticeship and co-discipleship. Whereas several major Islamic adherences in Senegal arose as quasi-political intermediaries between state actors and the population during a crisis of moral authority, Baay Nas's followers emerged later and have been somewhat more disengaged from national religio-political culture. Taalibe Baay have extended diffuse networks of religious authority and community across cultural and national boundaries through cultivating several fields of religious knowledge among disciples. They define themselves primarily by their pursuit of Islamic knowledge and their unique access to mystical knowledge of God
Mystical education (tarbiyyah) aims to cultivate direct experience of the unity of all things in God, revealing the hidden ( batin) truth that distinctions are illusory. Hidden truths coexist with the apparent (zahir) truths of textual education and everyday experience. The tendency to juxtapose two apparently contradictory truths in paradox pervades many Taalibe Baay's daily speech. Such tendencies are not simply linguistic word games but are part of practical repertoires of negotiating multiple imperatives, interests, and points of view
A particularly productive paradox is the simultaneously equalizing and hierarchizing nature of Taalibe Baay knowledge-authority. Mystical education aims to distribute access to charismatic experience and knowledge among lay disciples, thus awakening them to the unity of all beings. Yet religious knowledge originates in a soveriegn node of authority---Baay Nas---and is transmitted through an authorized channel. Taalibe Baay imaginations and practices of community simultaneously emphasize the unity brought through common religious experience and the concentration of knowledge and authority in Baay's official representatives
This ethnography of the role of informal spaces of Islamic education in extending transnational networks of religious authority and community challenges widespread assumptions about modernity and globalization. Situating epistemic orientations in learned practical repertoires, it undermines modernist teleologies of religious "rationalization" and "secularization," showing how practitioners cultivate multiple simultaneous approaches to rationality. It extends globalization studies beyond transnational institutions and the circulation of discourses and objects, examining the globalization of embodied knowledge through transnational apprenticeship networks
School code: 0265
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 68-06A
主題 Religion, General
Anthropology, Cultural
0318
0326
Alt Author Yale University
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