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作者 Justice, Jonathan Burton
書名 Business improvement districts, reasoning, and results: Collective action and downtown revitalization
國際標準書號 0496511718
book jacket
說明 437 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 64-08, Section: A, page: 3064
Director: Dorothy Olshfski
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Rutgers The State University of New Jersey - Newark, 2003
The business improvement district (BID) is a form of special assessment district that provides for the mandatory financing of capital improvements and continuing services intended to benefit designated central business districts (CBDs). Virtually unknown in the United States 20 years ago, the BID device is increasingly popular---there were over 400 documented in the U.S. alone in 1999---and is widely presumed to be a distinctively effective instrument of public-private partnership for CBD revitalization because of its institutional design characteristics---the combination of mandatory financing and self-governing features associated with the archetypal BID form. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of the self-governing BID as a policy instrument for downtown revitalization and to explain the observed consequences of alternative institutional designs for collective action. The research modeled the creation and maintenance of a successful CBD as a multi-sectoral collective action problem. A comparative case study design examined the regulative, normative, and cognitive processes and effects associated with the different sets of institutional rules in use within two self-governing and two externally governed downtown BIDs in New Jersey. The research findings indicated that self-governing BID management structures were more effective than externally governed BIDS in creating and sustaining communities of interest and cooperative practice among stakeholders. Implications for public policy and administration include: (a) that the self-governing BID is in fact a distinctively effective policy instrument for downtown revitalization; (b) that the deliberation, the practical and task-oriented interactions, and the experienced self-efficacy associated with self governing institutions each contribute to greater voluntary and affirmative cooperation; and (c) that rational actor-based frameworks for institutional analysis and design are powerful but incomplete, and therefore a synthesis of social-realist and social-constructionist perspectives is appropriate for achieving a fuller understanding of the implications of institutional design configurations
School code: 0461
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 64-08A
主題 Political Science, Public Administration
Urban and Regional Planning
0617
0999
Alt Author Rutgers The State University of New Jersey - Newark
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