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作者 Kabo, Felichism W
書名 Low-cost housing design and provision: A case study of Kenya
國際標準書號 9780542921391
book jacket
說明 379 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-10, Section: A, page: 3623
Adviser: Jean D. Wineman
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Michigan, 2006
Shelter is as basic a human need as food and water. Today, many people in Third World countries live in sub-standard housing, or lack shelter altogether. Prior research addresses either one of two housing dimensions: broader provision processes, or specific aspects of design. This dissertation is an effort at addressing both dimensions, the underlying premise being that their inter-connectedness demands an integrative approach. More specifically, this dissertation is a combined strategy case study of housing design and provision in Kenya, a sub-Saharan African country with serious shelter problems. A majority of Kenya's urban population lives in slums or squatter settlements. This dissertation covers four major areas of housing design and provision in Kenya: building materials, user preferences for building materials and housing designs, interior layouts, and the organizational context of the housing sector. These four areas are theoretically unified by Canter's (1977) model of place. Each of the first three areas (housing design) relates to one or more of the three domains in the model. The fourth area (housing provision) pertains to the model's context and framework
The technical building materials research reveals the feasibility of making low-cost materials (soil-cements) with satisfactory engineering performance. The research in preference for building materials reveals that the two independent variables, soil and mix, have a significant effect on potential users' ratings. The housing preference study reveals that of the four independent variables, design and type had a significant effect on potential users' ratings, while materials and construction method did not have a significant effect. The interior layout studies reveal important associations between spatial configurations and a key space (the kitchen), and between configuration and conceptualizations of living, cooking, and sleeping spaces. The findings from the studies of preferences and interior layouts are then synthesized in the development of a low-cost housing prototype. Lastly, analysis of the organizational context reveals notable links between nominal housing-related responsibilities, and the potential power and influence of key organizations. The potential effects of the spatial context on housing organizations are also explored. Later, the key organizations are restructured to address shortcomings identified at the organizational and sectoral levels
School code: 0127
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-10A
主題 Business Administration, Management
Engineering, Materials Science
Alt Author University of Michigan
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