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作者 Terasawa, Mariko
書名 Origin Of Matter And Evolution Of Galaxies 2003 : RIKEN, Japan 17 - 19 November 2003
出版項 Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Company, 2004
©2005
國際標準書號 9789812702739 (electronic bk.)
9789812388247
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (603 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Intro -- CONTENTS -- Preface -- Review and Scope -- Origin and Evolution of Matter in Brane-World Cosmology G. J. Muthews -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. Brane-World Cosmology -- 3. Disappearing Dark Matter -- 4. Time Varying vs. Galactic Chemical Evolution -- 5. The Search for a Compact Dimension -- 6. Conclusion -- References -- I. Big Bang Cosmology and Primordial Nucleosynthesis -- Updated Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis Compared to WMAP Results A. COC -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Nuclear reaction rates -- 3. SBBN calculations -- 4. Possible origins of 'Li discrepancy between SBBN and CMB -- 4.1. Stellar -- 4.2. Nuclear -- 4.3. Cosrnology -- 4.4. Pregalactic evolution -- 5. Conclusions -- References -- Decaying Cold Dark Matter Cosmology and CMB Anisotropies K. Ichiki -- 1. Introduction -- 2. CMB and DCDM -- 2.1. Background Equations -- 2.2. Perturbation Equations -- 2.3. Boltzmann Hierarchy for Daughter Radiation -- 3. CMB Constraint and Discussions -- 4. Conclusion -- References -- Hadronic Decay of SUSY Particle and Destruction of Light Elements K. Kohri -- References -- II. Observations: X-Rays, Cosmic Rays and Meteoritic Anomalies -- Nuclear Astrophysics with the INTEGRAL Observatory R. Diehl -- 1. Introduction -- 2. INTEGRAL and its Spectrometer -- 3. First Science Results -- 3.1. Interstellar 26Al -- 3.2. Positron Annihilation -- 4. Summary and Outlook -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Probing the Galactic Chemical Evolution of Si and Ti with Presolar Sic Grains S. Amari -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Silicon carbide grains of an AGB star origin -- 2.1. Carbon, N and Si isotopic ratios of SIC grains -- 2.2. AGB star origin of mainstream, Y and Z grains -- 2.3. Silicon and Ti -- 2.4. Z grains -- 3. Models of AGB stars -- 3.1. Comparison between the grain data and the models -- 3.1. I . Silicon -- 3.1.2. Titanium -- 4. Future work -- References
XMM Observations of Metal Abundances in the Intracluster Medium K. Matsushita -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Observation -- 3. Result -- 4. Comparison with stellar metallicity and SN II abundance pattern -- 5. The Fe abundance profile and SN Ia contribution -- 6. The abundance ratios of O,Si and Fe and abundance pattern of SN Ia -- 7. The failure of the cooling flow model -- References -- Recent Advances in the Study of Extremely Metal-Poor Stars F.: Primas -- 1. Introduction: The Role of Metal-Poor Stars -- 2. Metal-Poor Stars: Searches and Findings -- 2.1. HE 0107-5240: the most metal-poor star ever found -- 2.2. Chemical Signatures of the First Stellar Generations -- 2.3. C-rich, Very Metal-Poor Stars -- 2.4. n-capture Nucleosynthesis in the Early Galaxy -- 2.4.1. Cosmo-chronometry: Dating Very Metal-Poor Stars -- 3. Concluding Remarks -- Acknow ledgernents -- References -- What Do Metal-Poor Stars Tell?: Origin of O-Zn and r-Process Elements I: Ishimaru -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Inhomogeneous Chemical Evolution -- 2.1. [X/Fe] us. [Fe/H] predicted by diflerent SN models -- 2.2. Statistical analysis of dispersions and SN yields -- 3. The site of r-process inferred from Eu abundances -- 3.1. Enrichment of Eu in the Halo -- 3.2. Detection of low Eu abundances -- 4. Conclusions -- References -- III. Weak Interaction, Neutrinos, Dark Matter -- Neutrino Experiments and Their Implications A. B. Balantekin -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Limits on Solar Density Fluctuations -- 3. Two-Body Axial Current -- 4. Implications for r-process Nucleosynthesis -- References -- Perspectives of Neutrino Studies by Neutrino-Less Double Beta Decays H. Ejiri -- 1. Majorana neutrino masses and double beta decays -- 2. Effective neutrino mass and neutrino mass spectrum -- 3. Sensitivity of Experiments to the effective neutrino mass
4. Rare nuclear decay measurements with signal selection by spatial and time correlation analyses -- 5 . Perspectives of experiments -- 5.1. MAJORANA for double beta decays of 76Ge -- 5.2. MOON for double beta decays of 100Mo -- 5.3. CUORE for double beta decays of 130Te -- 5.4. EXO for double beta decays of 136Xe -- 6. Summary and remarks -- References -- Current Status of Tokyo Dark Matter Experiment Y. Inoue -- 1. Introduction -- 2. LiF/NaF bolometer -- 2.1. Experimental set-up -- 2.2. Measurement and Result -- 3. Direction-sensitive organic crystal scintillator -- 3.1. Measurement of anisotropic scintillation response -- 3.2. Kamioka pilot experiment -- 4. Summary -- References -- High-Energy Neutrinos Produced by Interactions of Relativistic Protons in Shocked Pulsar Wind S. Nagataki -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Method of Calculation -- 2.1. Nebular Flow -- 2.2. Emissivity of High Eneqy Gamma-rays and Neutrinos -- 3. Results -- 4. Conclusion -- References -- IV. Evolution and Nucleosynthesis in Stars, and Cross Sections - Hydro Static Burning -- Recent Results for Proton Capture S Factors from Measurements of Asymptotic Normalization Coefficients R. Tribble -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Introduction to ANCs -- 3. Recent ANC Measurements -- 4. S factors from the ANCs and their astrophysical importance -- References -- Neutron Capture Cross Section of 14C Studied by Intermediate-Energy Coulomb Dissociation T. Nakamura -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Characteristics of Coulomb Dissociation of Halo Nuclei and Neutron Capture Reaction -- 3. Experimental Procedure -- 4. Results and Discussions -- 5 . Summary -- Acknowledgement -- References -- Nucleosynthesis in Massive Core-Collapse Supernovae as the Origin of Abundances in Extremely Metal-Poor Stars H. Umeda -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Nucleosynthesis calculations
2.1. Trends in the iron peak elements and hypernovae -- 3. EMP Stars with Typical (C-normal) Abundance Pattern -- 4. C-rich Fe-poor stars -- 4.1. The most Fe-poor star: HE 0107-5240 -- 4.2. Other C-rich EMP stars -- References -- Evolution, Explosion, and Nucleosynthesis of Pop III Super-Massive Stars T Ohkubo -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Stellar Evolution -- 2.1. Models and Assumptions -- 2.2. Presupernova Evolution -- 3 . Explosion -- 3.1. Hydrodynamics -- 3.2. Nucleosynthesis -- 3.3. Treatment of Jet Matter -- 4. Results of Hydrodynamics -- 4.1. Ezplosion Energy and Ejected Mass -- 5. Explosive Nucleosynthesis -- 6. Integrated Abundance Patterns and Comparison with Observation -- 7. Conclusions -- References -- The Trojan Horse Method in Nuclear Astrophysics C. Spitaleri -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. THE PRINCIPLE OF THE METHOD -- 2.1. Quasi-Free mechanism -- 2.2. From Quasi Free Reactions to the Trojan Horse Method -- 3. VALIDITY TEST FOR THE POLE APPROXIMATION -- 4. RESULTS -- 5 . CONCLUSIONS -- References -- The s-Process Nucleosynthesis in Massive Metal-Poor Stars N. Iwamoto -- 1. Introduction -- 2 . The Models -- 3. Results -- 3.1. 22Ne(n)25Mg reaction and the s-process -- 3.2. The s-Process in Extremely Low Metdlicity Stars -- 4. Conclusion -- References -- 186Re Isomer Contribution to 187Re-187Os Cosmochronometer T. Hayakawa -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Measurement of the neutron capture ratio of the isomer to the ground state in 186Re -- 3. Estimation using the steady-flow model -- 4. Summary -- References -- Direct Measurement of the E1 and E2 Cross Sections of the 12C ( , y)16O Reaction at Ec,m, = 1.3 1.5 MeV T. Shima -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental Method -- 3. Data Analysis -- 4. Target Monitor -- 5. Result -- 6. Summary and Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- V. Nuclear Data and Nuclear Physics
Microscopic Nuclear Structure Relevant to Nuclear Astrophysics W Nazarewicz -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Territory of Nucleonic Matter -- 3. Towards the Universal Nuclear Energy Density Functional -- 3.1. Density Functional Theory and Skyrme HFB -- 3.2. From Finite Nuclei to Bulk Nucleonic Matter -- 3.3. Microscopic Mass Table -- 4. Continuum Shell Model -- 4.1. Gamow Shell Model -- 5. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Theoretical Models for Nuclear Astrophysics P. Descouvement -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Theoretical models -- 2.1. General discussion -- 2.2. The R-matrix method -- 2.3. The DWBA method -- 2.4. Microscopic models -- 3. Conclusion -- References -- Global Calculations of Fission Barriers and Beta-Decay Properties of Neutron-Rich Nuclei P. Moller -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Fission-Barrier Studies -- 2.1. Shape Parameterization -- 2.2. Global Barrier Studies -- 2.3. Barriers of r-Process Nuclei -- 3. Decay Properties -- 4. Summary and Conclusions -- References -- Synthesis of Superheavy Elements K. Morita -- References -- Determination of S17, Based on CDCC Analysis of 8B Dissociation K. Ogata -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Asymptotic Normalization Coefficient method -- 3. The method of Continuum-Discretized Coupled-C hannels -- 4. Numerical results and the extracted S17(0) -- 5. Summary and Conclusions -- Acknowledgement -- References -- VI. Novae, Supernovae, and Explosive Nucleosynthesis, GRB Models and Nuclearphysics Parameters -- The r-Process in Supernova Explosions from the Collapse of ONeMg Cores S. Wanajo -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Prompt Explosion -- 3. The r-Process -- 4. Contribution to Chemical Evolution of the Galaxy -- 5. Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Nucleosynthesis in the Neutrino-Driven Winds from Rotating Proto-Neutron Stars T. Yamasaki -- References
Neutrino Effects Before, During and After the Freezeout of the r-Process Nucleosynthesis M. Terasawa
This is the proceedings of the International Symposium on Origin of Matter and Evolution of Galaxies which was held near Tokyo, Japan, in November 2003. The meeting brought together many scientists from vast fields — nuclear physics, particle physics, cosmic-ray physics, cosmology, astronomy, geophysics, and others — to promote discussion and collaboration. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in:. • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings). • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings). • CC Proceedings — Engineering & Physical Sciences
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Terasawa, Mariko Origin Of Matter And Evolution Of Galaxies 2003 : RIKEN, Japan 17 - 19 November 2003 Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Company,c2004 9789812388247
主題 Nucleosynthesis -- Congresses.;Galaxies -- Evolution -- Congresses.;Stars -- Evolution -- Congresses
Electronic books
Alt Author Kubono, Shigeru
Kishida, T
Nomoto, Ken-ichi
Motobayashi, Tohru
Kajino, Toshitaka
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