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作者 Kakani, S.L
書名 Material Science
出版項 Daryaganj : New Age International Ltd, 2004
©2004
國際標準書號 9788122426564 (electronic bk.)
9788122415285
book jacket
版本 1st ed
說明 1 online resource (657 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Cover -- Preface -- Contents -- Chapter 1 Classification and Selection of Materials -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Engineering Requirements -- 3. Classification of Engineering Materials -- 4. Organic, Inorganic and Biological Materials -- 5. Semiconductors -- 6. Biomaterials -- 7.(a) Current Trends and Advances in Materials -- 7 (b) Advanced Materials -- 7 (c) Smart Materials (Materials of the Future) -- 7 (d) Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology -- 7 (e) Quantum Dots (QDS) -- 7 (f) Spintronics -- 7 (g) Fermionic Condensate Matter -- 8. Level of Material Structure Examination and Observation -- 9. Material Structure -- 10. Engineering Metallurgy -- 11. Selection of Materials -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Short Question-Answers -- Objective Questions -- Chapter 2 Atomic Structure and Electronic Configuration -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Electron -- 3. Protons -- 4. Neutrons -- 5. Atomic Number (z) -- 6. Atomic Weight and Mass Number -- 7. Isotopes -- 8. Isobars -- 9. Isotones -- 10. Avogadro's Number (N) -- 11. Atomic Nucleus -- 12. Atomic Models -- 13. Vector Atom Model -- 14. Quantum Numbers -- 15. Pauli Exclusion Principle and Electronic Configuration of Atoms -- 16. Wave Mechanical Picture of the Atom -- 17. Periodic Table -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Short Questions -- Objective Questions -- Short Question-Answers -- Chapter 3 Crystal Geometry, Structure and Defects -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Crystals -- 3. Single Crystal -- 4. Whiskers -- 5. Lattice Points and Space Lattice -- 5.(A) Basis -- 6. Unit Cell -- 7. Primitive Cell -- 8. Crystal Classes -- 9. Crystal Systems -- 10. Crystal Structure for Metallic Elements -- 11. Atomic Radius -- 12. Density of Crystal -- 13. Directions, Lattice Planes and Miller Indices -- 14. Interplanar Spacings -- 14 (A) Angle Between Two Planes or Directions
15. Representation of Crystal Planes in a Cubic Unit Cell -- 16. Sketching The Plane From the Given Miller Indices -- 17. Common Planes in a Simple Cubic Structure -- 18. Co-ordination Number -- 19. Defects or Imperfections in Crystals -- 20. Point Imperfections -- 21. Line Defects of Dislocations -- 22. Surface and Grain Boundary Defects -- 23. Volume Imperfections -- 24. Liquid Crystals -- 25. Anisotropy -- 26. Frank-Read Source -- 27. Theory of Dislocations Salient Features -- 28. Determination of Crystal Structure by X-Ray Diffraction -- 29. Bragg's X-Ray Spectrometer -- 30. Reciprocal Lattice -- 31. Methods of Determining Crystal Structure -- 32. Electron and Neutron Diffraction -- 33. Crystal Growth -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Objective Questions -- Short Questions Answers -- Chapter 4 Bonds in Solids -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Types of Bonds -- 3. Forces Between Atoms: Mechanism of Bond Formation and Bond Energy -- 4. Ionic Bonding -- 5. Covalent Bond -- 6. Metallic Bond -- 7. Comparison of Ionic, Covalent and Metallic Bonds -- 8. Secondary Bonds -- 9. Mixed Bonds (More About Secondary Bonds) -- 10. Properties of Solid Materials -- 11. Periodic Table and Chemical Bonding: Electronegativity -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Objective Questions -- Short Question Answers -- Chapter 5 Electron Theory of Metals -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Metallic Bonding -- 3. Drude-Lorentz Theory -- 4. Sommerfeld Free-Electron Theory -- 5. Fermi-Dirac Distribution Function (Electron Energies in a Metal) -- 6. Band Theory of Solids -- 7. Brillouin Zones -- 8. Distinction Between Conductors, Insulators and Semiconductors -- 9. Electrical Resistance of Materials -- 10. Energy Bands -- 11. Equation of Motion of and Electron -- 12. Resistivity and Conductivity -- 13. Current Density in Metal -- 14. Mobility
15. Mean Free Path -- 16. Thermoelectricity -- 17. Origin of the Thermoelectric Effect -- 18. Magnitude and Direction of Thermo E.M.F. -- 19. Uses of Thermocouples -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Objective Questions -- Short Question Answers -- Chapter 6 Photoelectric Effect -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental Arrangement to Study the Photo Electric Effect -- 3. Failure of Classical Theory -- 4. Einstein's Photoelectric Equation -- 5. Millikan's Verification of Einstein's Equation -- 6. Photoelectric Cells -- 7. Uses of Photoelectric Cells -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Objective Questions -- Short Question-Answers -- Chapter 7 Diffusion in Solids -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Types of Diffusion -- 3. Diffusion Mechanisms -- 4. Diffusion Coefficient: Fick's Laws of Diffusion -- 5. Dependence of Diffusion Coefficient on Temperature -- 6. Factors Affecting Deffusion Coefficient (D) -- 7. Self Diffusion -- 8. Inter-Diffusion -- 9. Experimental Determination of D Using a Diffusion Couple -- 10. Diffusion with constant Concentration (Case Hardening) -- 11. The Kirkendall Effect -- 12. Diffusion in Oxides and Ionic Crystals -- 13. Surface Diffusion -- 14. Activation Energy of Diffusion -- 15. Applications of Diffusion -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Objective Questions -- Short Question-Answers -- Chapter 8 Mechanical Properties of Materials and Mechanical Tests -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Common Terms -- 3. Atomic Model of Elastic Behaviour -- 4. Modulus(Y) as a Parameter of Design -- 5. Fundamental Mechanical Properties -- Stress-Rupture Test -- 6. Factors Affecting Mechanical Properties -- 7. Mechanical Tests -- 8. Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) -- 9. Fracture -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Objective Questions -- Short Question-Answers
Chapter 9 Alloy Systems, Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Alloy Systems -- 3. Solid Solutions -- 4. The Families of Engineering Alloys -- 5. Hume-Rothery's Rules -- 6. Intermediate Phases or Intermediate Compounds (or Intermediate Solid Solutions) -- 7. Phase Diagrams -- 8. The Phase rule of Gibb's Phase rule or Condensed Phase Rule -- 9. Cooling Curves (Time-Temperature Curves) -- 10. Construction of a Phase Diagram or Constitutional Diagram -- 11. The Lever Rule -- 12. Equilibrium Diagrams for Binary Alloys Forming Eutectic -- 13. Ceramic and Ternary Phase Diagrams -- 14. Applications of Phase Diagrams -- 15. Coring -- 16. Phase Transformations -- 17. The Kinetics of Solid State Reactions -- 18. Multiphase Transformations -- 19. Applications of Phase Transformations -- 20. Micro-Constituents of Fe-C System -- 21. Allotropic Forms of Iron -- 21. Iron-Carbon System -- 22. Iron-Carbon Equilibrium or Phase Diagram -- 23. Modified Iron-Carbon Phase Diagram -- 24. Formation and Decomposition of Austenite -- 25. Types and Properties of Carbon-Steels -- 26. Isothermal Transformations TTT Diagram -- 27. Transformation of Austenite Upon Continuous Cooling -- 28. Transformation of Austenite to Martensite -- 29. Metals for Nuclear Energy -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Short Question Answers -- Objective Questions -- Chapter 10 Heat Treatment -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Heat-Treatment Processes -- 3. Annealing -- 4. Annealing Operations -- 5. Mass Effect -- 6. Principal Equipment for Heat Treatment -- 7. Major Defects in Metals or Alloys Due to Faulty Heat Treatment -- 8. Surface Finish After Heat Treatment -- 9. Measurement of High Temperatures and Pyrometers -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Short Question-Answers -- Objective Questions -- Chapter 11 Deformation of Materials
1. Introduction -- 2. Elastic Deformation -- 3. Plastic Deformation -- 4. Deformation by Twinning -- 5. Comparison Between Slip and Twinning -- 6. Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Materials -- 7. Work Hardening or Strain Hardening -- 8. Season Cracking -- 9. Bauschinger Effect -- 10. Anelasticity -- 11. Adiabatic and Isothermal Straining -- 12. Yield Point Phenomenon and Related Effects -- 13. Atomic Diffusion-An Elastic After Effect -- 14. Preferred Orientation -- 15. Recovery, Recrystailization and Grain Growth -- 16. Hot-Working -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Objective Questions -- Short Question Answers -- Chapter 12. Oxidation and Corrosion -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Corrosion-Resistant Materials -- 3. Electrochemical Corrosion -- 4. Galvanic (Two-Metal) Corrosion -- 5. Corrosion Rates -- 6. High Temperature Oxidation or Dry Corrosion -- 7. Passivity -- 8. Environmental Effects -- 9. Specific Forms of Corrosion -- 10. Corrosion Prevention and Control -- 11. Corrosion Monitoring and Management -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Short Question-Answers -- Objective Questions -- Chapter 13 Thermal and Optical Properties of Materials -- Section A: Thermal Properties -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Heat Capacity -- 3. Theoretical Models -- 4. Thermal Expansion -- 5. Thermal Conductivity (K) -- 6. Refractories -- 7. Thermal Stresses -- 8. Thermal Fatigue -- 9. Thermal Shock -- 10. Melting Point (M.P.) -- Section B: Optical Properties -- 1. Optical Properties -- 2. Interactions of Light with Solids -- 3. Atomic and Electronic Interactions -- 4. Optical Properties of Metals -- 5. Optical Properties of Non Metals -- 6. Applications of Optical Phenomena -- Suggested Readings -- Review Questions -- Problems -- Objective Questions -- Short Question-Answers
Chapter 14 Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Materials
About the Book: The book has been designed to cover all relevant topics in B.E. (Mechanical/Metallurgy/Material Science/Production Engineering), M.Sc. (Material Science), B.Sc. (Honours), M.Sc. (Physics), M.Sc. (Chemistry), AMIE and Diploma students. Students appearing for GATE, UPSC, NET, SLET and other entrance examinations will also find book quite useful. In Nineteen Chapters, the book deals with atomic structure, the structure of solids; crystal defects; chemical bonding; diffusion in solids; mechanical properties and tests of materials; alloys, phase diagrams and phase transformations; heat treatment; deformation of materials; oxidation and corrosion; electric, magnetic, thermal and optical properties; semiconductors; superconductivity; organic materials; composites; and nanostructured materials. Special features: Fundamental principles and applications are discussed with explanatory diagrams in a clear way. A full coverage of background topics with latest development is provided. Special chapters on Nanostructured materials, Superconductivity, Semiconductors, Polymers, Composites, Organic materials are given . Solved problems, review questions, problems, short-question answers and typical objective type questions along with suggested readings are given with each chapter. Contents: Classification and Selection of Materials Atomic Structure and Electronic Configuration Crystal Geometry, Structure and Defects Bonds in Solids Electron Theory of Metals Photoelectric Effect Diffusion in Solids Mechanical Properties of Materials and Mechanical Tests Alloy Systems, Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Heat Treatment Deformation of Materials Oxidation and Corrosion Thermal and Optical Properties of Materials : Thermal Properties; Optical Properties Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Materials Semiconductors
Superconductivity and Superconducting Materials Organic Materials: Polymers and Elastomers Composites Nanostructured Materials
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Kakani, S.L. Material Science Daryaganj : New Age International Ltd,c2004 9788122415285
主題 Materials science
Electronic books
Alt Author Kakani, Amit
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