MARC 主機 00000nam  2200325   4500 
001    AAI3216421 
005    20070716105908.5 
008    070716s2006                        eng d 
020    9780542657917 
035    (UnM)AAI3216421 
040    UnM|cUnM 
100 1  Lasseter, Helen Theresa 
245 10 Fate, providence, and free will: Clashing perspectives of 
       world order in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth 
300    236 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-
       04, Section: A, page: 1350 
500    Adviser:  Ralph C. Wood 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Baylor University, 2006 
520    Through the medium of a fictional world, Tolkien returns 
       his modern audience to the ancient yet extremely relevant 
       conflict between fate, providence, and the person's 
       freedom before them. Tolkien's expression of a 
       providential world order to Middle-earth incorporates the 
       Northern Germanic cultures' literary depiction of a fated 
       world, while also reflecting the Anglo-Saxon poets' 
       insight that a single concept, wyrd, could signify both 
       fate and providence. This dissertation asserts that 
       Tolkien, while acknowledging as correct the Northern 
       Germanic conception of humanity's final powerlessness 
       before the greater strength of wyrd as fate, uses the 
       person's ultimate weakness before wyrd as the means for 
       the vindication of providence. Tolkien's unique 
       presentation of world order pays tribute to the pagan view
       of fate while transforming it into a Catholic 
       understanding of providence 
520    The first section of the dissertation shows how the 
       conflict between fate and providence in The Silmarillion 
       results from the elvish narrator's perspective on temporal
       events. Chapter One examines the friction between fate and
       free will within The Silmarillion and within Tolkien's 
       Northern sources, specifically the Norse Eddas , the Anglo
       -Saxon Beowulf, and the Finnish  The Kalevala. Chapter Two
       shows that Tolkien, following Boethius's  Consolation of 
       Philosophy, presents Middle-earth's providential order as 
       including fated elements but still allowing for human 
       freedom 
520    The second section shows how The Lord of the Rings 
       reflects but resolves the conflict in The Silmarillion 
       between fate, providence, and free will. Chapter Three 
       explores the extent to which a person can respond before 
       powers of fate, such as the Ring and also deterministic 
       circumstances. The final chapter argues that providence 
       upholds the importance of every person by cooperating with
       his or her free will, not coercing it; however, providence
       reveals its authority over all things, including fate, by 
       working through the person's final failure before 
       fatalistic powers 
590    School code: 0014 
590    DDC 
650  4 Literature, English 
690    0593 
710 20 Baylor University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g67-04A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
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