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作者 Schrag, Matthew
書名 Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy and Transition Metals in Alzheimer's Disease
國際標準書號 9781124462844
book jacket
說明 160 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-04, Section: B, page: 2099
Adviser: Wolff M. Kirsch
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Loma Linda University, 2011
Alterations in brain metals homeostasis and particularly brain iron overload have been postulated to play a role in Alzheimer's disease, contributing to oxidative stress and neuronal injury; however, the source of this iron is not clear and may be due to metabolic derangement(s), failed iron clearance mechanisms or exogenous deposition such as through bleeding. This series of studies was designed to evaluate the extent of metals dyshomeostasis in the Alzheimer's disease brain and specifically whether microvascular bleeding is a major contributor to Alzheimer's disease-related iron overload. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a vascular manifestation of Alzheimer's disease present to some degree in up to 95% of Alzheimer's disease patients. This vasculopathy results in vascular inflammation and fragility which produces clinically detectable bleeding (by susceptibility weighted MR imaging) in many Alzheimer's disease patients. We analyzed brain iron levels by gold-standard atomic absorption spectrometry in brain tissue from patients with severe CAA, in those with Alzheimer's disease without significant vascular involvement and in aged control tissue. We also observed iron, zinc and copper in these tissues histologically by novel techniques to qualitatively assess their association with vascular and perivascular abnormalities. Increased iron in the subset of Alzheimer's disease patients with CAA is accompanied by increased levels of heme degradation enzymes, heme oxygenase and biliverdin reductase. Finally, because the mechanism(s) underlying vascular fragility in CAA is unknown, we evaluated the role of terminal complement on cerebrovascular elements in the setting of CAA. This may provide mechanistic clues to how the structural stability of arterioles is undermined in this microangiopathy. If iron overload is a feature of CAA rather than a more general feature of Alzheimer's disease, it is possible that chelation therapies will be more effective for the subset of Alzheimer's patients with severe vasculopathy. This information combined with an effective clinical test for CAA has the potential to refine therapeutic strategies
School code: 0106
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-04B
主題 Biology, Neuroscience
Chemistry, Biochemistry
Health Sciences, Aging
Alt Author Loma Linda University. Biochemistry
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