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作者 Lorenz, Moritz
書名 An Introduction to EU Competition Law
出版項 New York : Cambridge University Press, 2013
©2013
國際標準書號 9781107057708 (electronic bk.)
9781107018174
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (428 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Cover -- Contents -- Table of Cases -- Table of Statutes -- Preface -- 1 Economic and legal foundations of EU competition law -- A. The idea of competition -- 1. The benefits of competition -- 2. The economic principles of competition -- 3. The benchmark of perfect competition -- 4. Monopoly - the other extreme -- 5. Oligopolistic competition -- 5.1 Cournot competition -- 5.2 bertrand competition -- 5.3 Oligopolistic competition vs cartel behaviour -- 6. The competitive underlying EU competition law and the concept of effective competition -- 7. The limitations of the market mechanism -- 7.1 Externalities -- 7.2 Asymmetric information -- 7.3 Public goods -- B. The legal foundations of EU competition law -- 1. The goal of competitive markets -- 2. The goal of market integration -- 3. Sources of EU competition law -- 3.1 Primary legislation -- 3.2 Secondary legislation -- 4. The charter of fundamental rights of the european union and the european convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms -- 5. Scope of application of EU competition law -- 5.1 Possible conflicts between the aim of competition and other objectives of the EU -- 5.2 Exclusion from the scope of competition law -- 5.2.1 Exclusion by legislation -- a) Agriculture -- b) Defence industry -- c) Certain elements of the traffic sector -- 5.2.2 Exclusion by jurisprudence -- 5.3 Influence of other considerations on assessment under the competition rules -- 6. International applicability -- 7. The relationship between and national competition law -- 7.1 General relationship between EU and national law -- 7.1.1 Direct effect -- 7.1.2 Supremacy (priority of application) -- 7.2 Relationship between EU and national competition law -- 8. Enforcement -- 8.1 Institutions involved in the enforcement of EU competition law -- 8.1.1 The Commission
8.1.2 The Advisory Committee on Restrictive Agreements and Dominant Position -- 8.1.3 The Hearing Officer -- 8.1.4 The European Ombudsman -- 8.1.5 The Court of Justice of the European Union -- 8.1.6 National competition authorities -- 8.1.7 National courts -- 8.2 Coordination of enforcement of EU competition law between EU and Member State institutions -- 8.2.1 Principle of sincere cooperation -- 8.2.2 Regulation 1/2003 -- a) Cooperation between the Commission and national competition authorities -- b) Cooperation between the Commission and national courts -- c) Coordination between institutions of the Member States -- Questions on Chapter 1 -- Suggested essay topics -- 2 Key concepts of Article 101 TFEU -- 1. The scheme of article 101 TFEU -- 1.1 The prohibition - Article 101(1) TFEU -- 1.2 Nullity - Article 101(2) TFEU -- 1.3 Legal exemption - Article 101(3) TFEU -- 1.4 Interpretation -- 2. Undertaking -- 2.1 Economic activity -- 2.1.1 General -- 2.1.2 Functional approach -- 2.1.3 Scope of application -- 2.2 Non-economic activities -- 2.2.1 Activities by entities fulfilling social functions -- a) Application of the principle of solidarity -- b) State supervision -- 2.2.2 Exercise of public powers -- 2.2.3 Public procurement -- 2.3 The 'single economic entity' doctrine -- 2.3.1 Presumption of a single undertaking -- 2.3.2 Other cases -- 2.4 Principal/agent relationship -- 3. Agreements, decisions and concerted practices -- 3.1 Agreements -- 3.1.1 Concept of a 'single, overall agreement' -- 3.1.2 Unilateral conduct -- 3.1.3 State measures -- 3.2 Decisions by associations of undertakings -- 3.2.1 Association -- 3.2.2 Decision -- 3.3 Concerted practices -- 3.3.1 Legal test -- a) Mental consensus -- b) Direct/indirect contact between the parties -- c) Substitution of competition by cooperation
d) Causal link between mental consensus and concerted practice -- 3.3.2 Anticompetitive effects of a concerted practice -- 3.3.3 Burden of proof -- 4. The object or effect of preventing, restricting or distorting competition -- 4.1 Restriction of competition -- 4.2 Object or effect -- 4.3 Object -- 4.4 Effects -- 4.4.1 Extensive market analysis -- 4.4.2 Analysis of the counterfactual situation -- 4.4.3 Relevant material factors -- 4.4.4 Effects on actual and potential competitors -- 4.4.5 Networks of agreements -- 4.4.6 Ancillary commercial restrictions -- 4.4.7 Regulatory restraints -- 4.4.8 Rule of reason -- 5. The examples of collusion listed in Article 101(1) TFEU -- 5.1 Direct or indirect fixing of purchase or selling prices or other trading conditions -- 5.2 Limiting or controlling production, markets, technical development, investment -- 5.3 Sharing markets or sources of supply -- 5.4 Applying dissimilar conditions to equivalent transactions -- 5.5 Tying of contracts -- 6. Effect on trade between Member States -- 6.1 Concept of 'trade' -- 6.2 'Effect on trade' -- 6.3 Concept of appreciability -- 7. De minimis doctrine -- 8. Article 101(2) TFEU - nullity of the agreement -- 8.1 General principles -- 8.1.1 Ex lege effect -- 8.1.2 Ex tunc effect -- 8.1.3 Erga omnes effect -- 8.2 Severance -- 9. Article 101(3) TFEU - legal exception -- 9.1 General -- 9.1.1 Purpose of the provision -- 9.1.2 Legal nature -- 9.1.3 Scope of application -- 9.1.4 Burden of proof -- 9.1.5 Purpose and nature of block exemptions -- 9.2 Application of Article 101(3) TFEU -- 9.2.1 First condition - efficiency gains -- a) Cost efficiencies -- b) Qualitative efficiencies -- 9.2.2 Second condition - fair share for consumers -- 9.2.3 Third condition - indispensability of restrictions -- 9.2.4 Fourth condition - no elimination of competition in a substantial part of the market
Questions on Chapter 2 -- Suggested essay topics -- 3 Possibilities for cooperation under Article 101 TFEU -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Horizontal agreements -- 2.1 Definition -- 2.2 Actual and potential competitors -- 2.3 Types of cooperation -- 2.4 Form of cooperation -- 2.5 Legal framework -- 2.6 General approach by the Union courts -- 2.7 US approach to horizontal agreements -- 3. Information exchange -- 3.1 Definition -- 3.2 Restrictive effects on competition -- 3.3 Potential efficiency gains -- 4. R&D Agreements -- 4.1 Definition -- 4.2 Specificities of market definition in the R&D context -- 4.3 Main competition concerns raised by R&D agreements -- 4.4 R&D agreements not restricting competition -- 4.5 Conditions for exemption under Article 101(3) TFEU -- 4.6 Duration of the agreement and market share threshold -- 4.7 Agreements not covered by the exemption -- 4.8 Restrictions excluded from exemption -- 4.9 US approach -- 5. Specialisation agreements -- 5.1 Extended scope of the exemption -- 5.2 Market share threshold -- 5.3 Agreements not covered by the exemption -- 6. Production agreements -- 7. Purchasing agreements -- 8. Commercialisation agreements -- 9. Standardisation agreements -- 10. Vertical agreements -- 10.1 General pattern of the Vertical Block Exemption -- 10.2 Scope -- 10.3 The market share cap -- 10.4 Resale price maintenance -- 10.5 Exclusive distribution -- 10.6 Selective distribution -- 10.7 Non-compete obligations -- 10.8 E-commerce -- 10.9 Agency agreements -- 10.10 Withdrawal of the exemption -- 10.11 US policy -- 11. Technology transfer agreements -- 11.1 Scope -- 11.2 Market share thresholds -- 11.3 Hardcore restrictions -- 11.3.1 Agreements between competitors -- a) Restrictions on the price set for the sale of products to third parties -- b) Output limitation -- c) Allocation of markets or customers
d) Restrictions on use and development of technology between competing undertakings -- 11.3.2 Agreements between non-competitors -- a) Price restrictions -- b) Restrictions with regard to territory or customers -- c) Restrictions of active or passive sales to end-users by members of a selective distribution system -- 11.4 Excluded restrictions -- 11.5 Withdrawal of the block exemption -- 11.6 US approach -- 11.7 Settlements in licensing disputes -- Questions on Chapter 3 -- Suggested essay topics -- 4 Article 102 TFEU - abuse of a dominant position -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Elements of Article 102 TFEU -- 3. Undertaking -- 3.1 Non-application of the 'single economic entity' doctrine -- 3.2 Exceptions for undertakings entrusted with the operation of services of general economic interest and revenue-producing monopolies (Article 106(2) TFEU) -- 4. Effects on inter-state trade -- 5. Dominant position -- 5.1 Four concepts of market power -- 5.2 Indicators of dominance as established by the European courts -- 5.3 Market position of the undertaking - market share -- 5.4 Barriers to entry and expansion -- 5.5 Countervailing buyer power -- 5.6 Super-dominance -- 5.7 Application of Article 102 TFEU to small undertakings -- 5.8 Collective dominance -- 6. Substantial part of the internal market -- 7. Concept of abuse -- 8. Defences -- 8.1 Meeting competition defence -- 8.2 Efficiency defence -- 8.3 Objective justification -- 9. Exploitative abuses -- 9.1 Excessive pricing -- 9.2 Unfair trading conditions -- 10. Exclusionary abuses -- 10.1 Tying and bundling -- 10.1.1 Definitions -- 10.1.2 Legal test -- 10.2 Rebates -- 10.2.1 Loyalty-inducing rebates -- 10.2.2 Target rebates -- 10.2.3 Permissible rebates -- 10.3 Predatory pricing -- 10.4 Interaction of jurisprudence on rebates and on predatory pricing -- 10.5 Refusal to supply
10.6 Refusal to grant a licence for an intellectual property right
Succinct and concise, this introduction covers all key procedural and substantive aspects of EU competition law
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Lorenz, Moritz An Introduction to EU Competition Law New York : Cambridge University Press,c2013 9781107018174
主題 Antitrust law -- European Union countries.;Restraint of trade -- European Union countries
Electronic books
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