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書名 The dynamics of judicial proof : computation, logic, and common sense / Marilyn MacCrimmon, Peter Tillers, editors
出版項 Heidelberg ; New York : Physica-Verlag, c2002
國際標準書號 9783790814590 (hbk.)
3790814598 (hbk.)
book jacket
館藏地 索書號 處理狀態 OPAC 訊息 條碼
 人文社會聯圖  QA76.9.S63 D96 2002    在架上    30660020132010
說明 xvii, 494 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
系列 Studies in fuzziness and soft computing ; v. 94
Studies in fuzziness and soft computing ; v. 94
附註 Includes bibliographical references
Machine generated contents note: Notes on Contributors xi -- Acknowledgments xix -- INTRODUCTION -- Making Sense of the Process of Proof in Litigation 3 -- Peter Tillers -- PART ONE: COMMON SENSE REASONING -- Artificial Intelligence, Mindreading, and Reasoning in Law 21 -- John A. Barnden and Donald M. Peterson -- Common Sense, Rationality and the Legal Process 43 -- Ronald J. Allen -- What Is "Common" about Common Sense? Cautionary Tales for -- Travelers Crossing Disciplinary Boundaries 55 -- Marilyn MacCrimmon -- PART TWO: FUZZY AND ROUGH LOGIC -- From Computing with Numbers to Computing with Words: -- From Manipulation of Measurements to Manipulation of Perceptions 81 -- Lotfi A. Zadeh -- Fuzzy Logic and Its Application to Legal Reasoning - -- A Comment to Professor Zadeh 119 -- Ron A. Shapira -- A Primer on Rough Sets: A New Approach to Drawing -- Conclusions from Data 135 -- Zdzislaw Pawlak -- PART THREE: THE STRUCTURE OF FACTUAL INFERENCE IN JUDICIAL SETTINGS -- Alternative Views of Argument Construction from a Mass of Evidence 145 -- David A. Schum -- Explaining Relevance 179 -- Paolo Garbolino -- Theories of Uncertainty: Explaining the Possible Sources of -- Error in Inferences 197 -- Vern R. Walker -- Models of Data Generation vs. Models of Events that Generate Data 237 -- Ward Edwards -- PART FOUR: DYNAMIC INFERENCE AND CHOICE IN DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENTS -- Action and Procedure in Reasoning 243 -- Johan van Benthem -- Decision Analysis and Law 261 -- Ronald A. Howard -- PART FIVE: ABDUCTIVE INFERENCE -- Serendipity and Abduction in Proofs, Presumptions and Emerging Laws 273 -- Pek van Andel and Daniele Bourcier -- On the Proof Dynamics of Inference to the Best Explanation 287 -- John R. Josephson -- Species of Abductive Reasoning in Fact Investigation in Law 307 -- David A. Schum -- Abductive Reasoning in Law: Taxonomy and Inference to the -- Best Explanation 337 -- Kola Abimbola -- PART SIX: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE: "INTELLIGENT" PROCEDURES FOR -- DRAWING INFERENCES IN STATIC AND DYNAMIC LEGAL ENVIRONMENTS -- Computational Inference for Evidential Reasoning in Support of -- Judicial Proof 345 -- Tod S. Levitt and Kathryn Blackmond Laskey -- Logical Argumentation, Abduction and Bayesian Decision Theory: -- A Bayesian Approach to Logical Arguments and Its Application to -- Legal Evidential Reasoning 385 -- David Poole -- Structured Deliberation for Dynamic Uncertain Inference 397 -- Paul Snow and Marianne Belis -- PART SEVEN: JUDICIAL PROOF AND ECONOMIC RATIONALITY -- Saving Desdemona 419 -- Ron A. Shapira -- Othello Could Not Optimize: Economics, Hearsay, and Less -- Adversary Systems 437 -- Craig R. Callen -- PART EIGHT: CAUSALITY -- Causality and Responsibility 457 -- Glenn Shafer -- Liability for Increased Risk of Harm: A Lawyer's Response to -- Professor Shafer 479 -- Melanie B. Leslie
主題 Soft computing
Fuzzy systems
Artificial intelligence
Proof theory
Alt Author MacCrimmon, M. T. (Marilyn T.)
Tillers, Peter
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