MARC 主機 00000nam  2200325   4500 
001    AAI3179953 
005    20061114121305.5 
008    061114s2005                        eng d 
020    9780542199783 
035    (UnM)AAI3179953 
040    UnM|cUnM 
100 1  Macera, Elizabeth 
245 10 Subjective well-being in older adults:  The role of 
       interpersonal relationships 
300    212 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-
       06, Section: B, page: 3059 
500    Adviser:  Margaret Wallhagen 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, San Francisco, 
520    The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to 
       discover how older adults explain their interpersonal 
       relationships while relating their beliefs about 
       successful aging. The participants were drawn from the 
       Alameda County Study, a longitudinal investigation that 
       began in 1965 designed to discover associations between 
       social factors and health. After the 1999 follow-up survey,
       a questionnaire on successful aging was distributed to 
       participants age 65 or older. Out of this cohort, 51 
       volunteers were interviewed regarding their concept of 
       what constitutes successful aging. A research assistant 
       conducted face-to-face interviews 60 to 90 minutes in 
       length, which were transcribed verbatim. This project was 
       a secondary analysis of 49 of these interviews. Using N-
       Vivo qualitative software, the interviews were coded and 
       themes identified. All but five participants had children.
       The participants spoke of family relationships as very 
       important to their well-being. The themes identified 
       include freedom from family responsibilities, re-
       negotiating relationships with children, and re-connecting
       with spouse. Social comparison was identified as a major 
       mechanism for defining oneself as an older person. In 
       addition, gender differences were identified. A major task
       for women was balancing work with their family 
       relationships. Men focused more on their relationships 
       with children and spouses after they retired than they did
       while working. Overall, family relationships remain an 
       important focus for older adults. Clinical and research 
       implications include assisting elders to maintain their 
       roles in the family and recognizing the importance of 
       social comparison in self-definition 
590    School code: 0034 
590    DDC 
650  4 Health Sciences, Nursing 
650  4 Gerontology 
690    0569 
690    0351 
710 20 University of California, San Francisco 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g66-06B 
856 40 |u