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作者 Mitchell, James Lowry
書名 Assessing exclusionary residential zoning: A natural experiment approach
國際標準書號 9780599780828
book jacket
說明 164 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 61-05, Section: A, page: 2071
Adviser: Julian Wolpert
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Princeton University, 2000
Using the municipal zoning process in United States to enhance the value of their own homes, existing residents may distort the allocation of housing resources by restricting what residential developers would otherwise do on vacant land in their communities. Two common forms of such residential zoning are mandating large minimum lot sizes and limiting residential development to single-family detached homes, policies which are intended to provide aesthetic and tax-generating value and to enhance community prestige. Assuming a market demand for homes on lots smaller than the minimum allowable size and for townhouses, apartments and mobile homes, such zoning restrictions limit housing choice for developers and consumers, the familiar "exclusionary zoning" charge. To the extent that the land would have been developed at higher residential densities, the resulting lower densities may have undesirable spillover effects, the familiar "urban sprawl" charge. Political and economic models of the zoning process have rarely attempted to account for rent seeking behavior of existing residents
This dissertation compares lot sizes and the mix of housing types between 1970 and 1990 in the eight suburban counties surrounding Philadelphia in a natural experiment. Four counties are in Pennsylvania which by state law authorized a builder's remedy to constrain municipal zoning behavior mandating minimum lot sizes larger than one acre and prohibiting residential development limited to single-family detached homes. In the four New Jersey counties, municipalities were significantly less constrained notwithstanding New Jersey's Mount Laurel experience
Using aerial survey and housing census data, lot sizes were found to be larger in Pennsylvania than in New Jersey but the degree of exclusion of townhouses, apartments and mobile homes was found to be significantly less. These apparently inconsistent outcomes were probably caused by market conditions which produced higher developer interest in townhouses, apartments and mobile homes than in reducing minimum lot sizes to one acre and by greater Pennsylvania resident concern with inappropriate placement of undesired housing types than with one acre lot sizes. In any case, the study provides evidence of significant market-distorting exclusionary behavior by existing residents, a factor which should be included in residential zoning models
School code: 0181
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 61-05A
主題 Economics, General
Political Science, Public Administration
Urban and Regional Planning
Alt Author Princeton University
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