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作者 Bohn, Ocke-Schwen
書名 Language Experience in Second Language Speech Learning : In honor of James Emil Flege
出版項 Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2007
©2007
國際標準書號 9789027292872 (electronic bk.)
9789027219732
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (424 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
系列 Language Learning & Language Teaching ; v.17
Language Learning & Language Teaching
附註 Language Experience in Second Language Speech Learning -- Editorial page -- Title page -- LCC data -- Table of contents -- Dedication -- Alphabetical List of Contributors -- Acknowledgments -- Biographical Note: James Emil Flege -- The nature of L2 speech learning -- The study of second language speech -- A brief overview -- Introduction -- Major empirical threads -- A changing focus -- Nonnative and second-language speech perception -- Commonalities and complementarities1 -- Introduction -- The role of the environment in the development of speech perception -- Perception of speech as a function of linguistic experience -- Theoretical models: extending nonnative perception to meet L2 perception -- Concluding comments: considerations for experiential research on perception -- Notes -- Cross-language phonetic similarity of vowels -- Theoretical and methodological issues -- Introduction -- Empirical descriptions of cross-language phonetic similarity of vowels -- Summary and conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- Investigating the role of attentionin phonetic learning -- Introduction -- Study 1: cue weighting in tone perception -- Participants -- Materials -- Procedure -- Study 2: the manipulation of attention in the learning of phonetic categories -- Participants -- Discrimination pretest -- Semantics pretest -- Training -- Posttests -- Discrimination test -- Semantics tests -- Discrimination tests -- Semantics Tests -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- You are what you eat phonetically -- The effect of linguistic experience onthe perception of foreign vowels -- Introduction -- Experiment 1: assimilation -- Methods -- Participants -- Stimuli -- Procedure -- Experiment 2: discrimination -- Methods -- Participants -- Stimuli -- Procedure -- Discussion -- Note -- The concept of foreign accent
Nativelike pronunciation among late learners of French as a second language1 -- Introduction -- Methods -- Participants -- Results: acoustic analyses -- Vowel duration -- Results: global pronunciation -- Results: post hoc analyses -- Discussion -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Second language acquisition of a regional dialect of American English by nativeJapanese speakers -- Introduction -- Acoustic study of vowel production -- Methods -- Stimulus materials and recording methods -- Speakers -- Acoustic analysis -- Vowels produced by native English speakers -- Vowels produced by native Japanese speakers -- Perception study -- Stimulus materials and experimental procedure -- Listeners -- Summary and conclusions -- Note -- Acoustic variability and perceptual learning -- The case of non-native accented speech -- Introduction -- Acoustic variability and perceptual learning -- Perception of native and foreign-accented English by nativeand non-native listeners -- Conclusion -- Consonants and vowels -- Strategies for realization of L2-categories -- English /s/ - /z/ -- Introduction -- Method -- Subjects -- Results -- Native Swedes' success in the production of the /s/ /z/ contrast in English -- Discussion -- Temporal remnants from Mandarin in nonnative English speech1 -- Introduction -- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Notes -- Cross-language consonant identification -- English and Korean -- Introduction -- Method -- Stimuli -- Recordings -- Stimuli selection -- Results -- Overall labeling and rating -- Nasals -- Stops -- Anterior fricatives -- Affricates -- / / and / h / -- Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- Endnotes -- The relationship between identification and discrimination in cross-language perception -- The case of Korean and Thai -- Introduction -- Experiment 1: Perception of Thai consonants by native Korean listeners -- Identification
Results -- AXB discrimination -- Experiment 2: Perception of Korean stop consonants by native Thai listeners -- Results -- AXB discrimination -- Actual vs. predicted discrimination -- Discussion and conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Endnote -- Beyond consonants and vowels -- Music and language learning -- Effect of musical training on learning L2 speech contrasts1 -- Introduction -- Experiment 1 -- Method -- Tone glide identification task -- Mandarin tone identification task -- Participants -- Tone glides identification -- Mandarin tone identification -- Discussion -- Experiment 2 -- Method -- Discrimination test -- Imitation test -- General Discussion -- Endnote -- Behavioral and cortical effects of learning a second language -- The acquisition of tone -- Introduction -- Hemispheric processing and tone: native listeners -- Hemispheric processing and tone: non-native listeners -- Training with tone -- Cortical modification during tone learning -- Perceptual training and tone production -- Conclusion -- The perception of tones and phones -- Introduction -- Overview -- Tones and phones -- segments and suprasegmentals -- Speech preferences in infancy -- Phone discrimination in infancy -- Tone discrimination in infancy -- Attention to tones and phones in infancy -- Relative salience of tones and phones in speech perception -- Relative salience of tones and phones in reading and writing -- Relative salience of tones and phones in awareness -- Influences on the perception of tone -- modes of processing tone -- Phonetic and phonemic modes of processing -- Tonetic and tonemic modes of processing -- Conclusions: the origins of tone and future research -- Endnotes -- Acknowledgements -- Prosody in second language acquisition -- Acoustic analyses of duration and F0 range -- Introduction -- Methods -- Results -- Duration -- I'm fine -- Five dollars
They went to school -- Summary of analyses on duration -- F0 range -- I'm fine -- Five dollars -- They went to school -- Summary of analyses on F0 range -- Content vs. function words -- Discussion -- Acknowledgements -- Endnotes -- Emerging issues -- Implications of James E. Flege's research for the foreign language classroom -- Introduction -- Factors claimed to affect the acquisition of L2 sounds -- Gender -- Language learning aptitude -- Motivation -- L1 background -- Factors affecting the acquisition of L2 grammar -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Speech learning, lexical reorganization, and the development of word recognition bynative and non-native English speakers -- Introduction -- The Speech Learning Model -- Spoken word recognition as a function of age and language experience -- Other missing data and future directions -- Acknowledgments -- Endnotes -- Segmental errors in different wordpositions and their effects onintelligibility of non-native speech -- All's well that begins well -- Introduction -- Production errors across different word positions by various talker populations -- Intelligibility and segment production accuracy -- Intelligibility and segment production accuracy by position-in-word -- Method and materials -- Segment inventories and syllable structures of Mandarin and English -- Results -- Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- Appendix: test materials -- The graphical basis of phones and phonemes -- Introduction -- Attending to speech sounds -- Scaffolding and writing -- Biasing intuitions -- Some evidence against segments as basic -- Is this the end of linguistics as we know it? -- Conclusions -- Endnotes -- References -- Name index -- Subject index
The notion of phonetic segment, phone and phoneme are closely related and all are intuitively appealing. At least one of them seems like the right description for speech. But all those who report these intuitions happen to be people who learned to write using a phonetic alphabet in early childhood. Speech is difficult to attend to because of its rapidity, its variability, and the invisibility of the most important body movements, so some cognitive scaffolding for attending to speech accurately is required. The technology of alphabetic writing was modified for this purpose about a hundred years ago. Our alphabet experience accounts for the persuasiveness of our intuitions but segments (phonemic or phonetic) are probably not important units in the psychological representation of language
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Bohn, Ocke-Schwen Language Experience in Second Language Speech Learning : In honor of James Emil Flege Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c2007 9789027219732
主題 Second language acquisition.;Phonetics.;Speech perception
Electronic books
Alt Author Munro, Murray J
記錄 2 之 3
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