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作者 Allen, Geoffrey
書名 Biodiversity Under Threat
出版項 Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, 2007
©2007
國際標準書號 9781847557650 (electronic bk.)
9780854042517
book jacket
版本 1st ed
說明 1 online resource (291 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
系列 ISSN ; v.25
ISSN
附註 Biodiversity Under Threat -- Contents -- Impacts of Agricultural Change on Farmland Biodiversity in the UK -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The Post-war Intensification of Agriculture -- 2.1 Land Drainage -- 2.2 Decline of Mixed Farming and Changes in Crop Rotations -- 2.3 Fertiliser -- 2.4 Pesticides -- 2.5 Field Size and Hedgerows -- 2.6 Autumn Sowing -- 2.7 Management of Grassland -- 2.8 Heather Burning -- 2.9 Grain Storage and Animal Housing -- 2.10 Veterinary Medicines -- 2.11 Supplementary Feeding -- 3 Recent Changes in Agricultural Practices -- 3.1 Farming Systems -- 3.2 Reduced Cultivation Systems -- 3.3 Set-aside -- 3.4 Energy Crops -- 3.5 Genetically Modified Crops -- 4 Measures to Benefit Biodiversity on Farmland -- 4.1 Agri-environment Schemes -- 4.2 Cross-compliance -- 5 Changing Agricultural Policy and Implications for the Future of Farmland Biodiversity -- Acknowledgements -- References -- The Extent and Future of Global Insect Diversity -- 1 Introduction -- 2 A Diversity of Species and Functions -- 3 Services Provided by Insects -- 4 Global Patterns of Insect Diversity -- 5 Threats to Insects Worldwide -- 6 Land-use Change -- 7 Climate Change -- 8 Invasive Species -- 9 Where Do We Go from Here? -- 9.1 A New Taxonomy -- 9.2 Systematic Sampling -- 9.3 Synthesis of Biodiversity Inventories -- 9.4 Multi-factor Research -- 9.5 Generating a Trait-based Understanding of Global Change -- 10 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Biological Invasions in Europe: Drivers, Pressures, States, Impacts and Responses -- 1 Biological Invasions in Europe: a Framework for Best Practice -- 2 The Trouble with Trade and Travel: Economic Drivers of Biological Invasions -- 3 Assessing the Pressure of Invasions on Ecosystems: Propagules, Pathways and People -- 4 The State of the Union: Trends in the Distribution of AlienSpecies in Europe
5 Impacts on Biodiversity: Genes, Populations and Ecosystems -- 6 Responding to the Threat of Biological Invasions: a European Policy Perspective -- 7 A Future Europe: Will Economic Integration Lead to Biotic Homogenisation? -- Acknowledgements -- References -- The Deep Sea: If We Do Not Understand the Biodiversity, Can We Assess the Threat? -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The Deep Sea -- 3 Understanding Modern Deep-sea Biodiversity -- 4 Patterns of Biodiversity in the Deep Sea: Benthos -- 4.1 With Depth -- 4.2 With Latitude -- 4.3 With Productivity -- 4.4 Hydrothermal Vents, Cold Seeps and Whale Falls: Biodiversity Bonus? -- 5 Patterns of Biodiversity in the Deep Sea: Pelagos -- 6 Patterns of Biodiversity in the Deep Sea: Fish -- 7 Is Biodiversity in the Deep Sea Under Threat? -- 7.1 Disposal -- 7.2 Exploitation -- 8 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- Glossary of Technical terms -- References -- Threatened Habitats: Marginal Vegetationin Upland Areas -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Case Studies -- 3 Drivers, Pressures and Threats -- 3.1 Climate Change -- 3.2 Grazing -- 3.3 Fragmentation and Isolation -- 4 Managing Biodiversity in Marginal Habitats -- 4.1 Policy Context -- 4.2 Research Priorities -- 4.3 Management Action -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Trends in Biodiversity in Europe and theImpact of Land-use Change -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Biodiversity in Europe: Current Status -- 3 Biodiversity in Europe: Information on Current Trends -- 3.1 Habitat Extent and Quality -- 3.2 Species Diversity -- 3.3 Species Abundance and Biomass -- 3.4 Distribution of Species -- 3.5 Threatened Status of Species -- 4 Biodiversity in Europe: an Historical Perspective -- 5 Biodiversity in Europe: Current and Future Threats -- 6 The Policy Response to Biodiversity Loss -- 7 Quantifying Biodiversity Loss -- 8 Biodiversity and Land-use Change -- 9 Discussion -- References
Tropical Moist Forests -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Tropical Forest Ecology -- 3 Continental Scale Variation due to Plate Tectonics -- 4 Regional Scale Variation due to Pleistocene Climate Fluctuations -- 4.1 Tropical Climate Change -- 4.2 Direct Evidence for Change -- 4.3 Inferential Evidence for Change -- 4.4 African Late Glacial Climates -- 4.5 Changing Climate Changing Forests -- 4.6 Past Climate Change as a Predictor of Diversity -- 5 Reasons for Local-scale Variation due to Present-day Ecology -- 6 Past Anthropogenic Impact on Tropical Forests -- 7 Present Anthropogenic Impact and Management of Tropical Forests -- 8 Case Study: Management of the Mufindi Forests -- 9 The Future -- References -- The Implementation of International Biodiversity Initiatives: Constraints and Successes -- 1 Towards International Biodiversity Goals -- 2 International Initiatives to Set Goals for Biodiversity Conservation -- 3 How are International Goals Implemented? -- 3.1 How has Finland Organised the Implementation of International Biodiversity Goals? -- 3.2 How has the UK Organised the Implementation of International Biodiversity Goals? -- 3.3 Alternative Routes from International Goals to Local Level Practices: Ranomafana National Park in Madagascar as a Case Study -- 4 When Implementation is Being Constrained -- 5 Does Implementation Lead to Wanted Results? -- 6 Mediation to Help Reach Effectiveness and Legitimacy -- 6.1 Braila Islands: Starting Management from Local Socioenvironmental Needs Before Linking with International Goals -- 6.2 From Hunger Strikes to Voluntary Measures: Forest Conservation in Karvia -- 6.3 Turning Symbolic Participation into Effective Deliberation -- 6.4 A Successful Community-led Biodiversity Management Process: the Farming for Nature Initiative -- 7 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References
Biodiversity Assessment and Change - the Challenge of Appropriate Methods -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 The Progressive Inclusion of Biodiversity Measures in Environmental Monitoring -- 1.2 The Challenge of Adequately Representing Complexity -- 1.3 Complexity and Ambiguity of the Term Biodiversity -- 1.4 Approaches to Reduce Complexity -- 2 Surrogate Measures, Indicators and Indices -- 2.1 Forerunners and First Steps in the 1980s -- 2.2 A Muddle of Terms -- 2.3 ''It Starts with the Right Question'' or ''the Choice of Valuesand Measures'' -- 2.4 Adoption of the Biodiversity Surrogate Approach -- 2.5 Biodiversity Indices -- 3 Indicators of Biodiversity and its Change for LTER Sites -- 3.1 LTER Sites and Biodiversity: Basic Concepts and Keystones -- 3.2 LTER Networks at Pan-European Level in Practice: the Experience of UN-ECE CLRTAP ICP IM and ICP Forests -- 3.3 Biodiversity Status and Change in Forest Ecosystems: Examples from Italy -- 3.4 Biodiversity Status and Change in Freshwater Ecosystems: Examples from North-Italy -- 3.5 Biodiversity Status and Change in the Marine Ecosystem: Examples from the Pelagic Ecosystem in Italy -- 3.6 Toward a Core Set of Biodiversity Indicators for LTER Sites -- 4 Indicators of Biodiversity and its Change for the ''Wider Countryside'' -- 4.1 Limitations of Discrete, Intensively Monitored Locations -- 4.2 Advantages of Supplementary Monitoring in the Wider Landscape -- 4.3 Data Sources that could Contribute to Surveillance in the Broader Landscape -- 5 How to Communicate Biodiversity Assessments to Stakeholdersand the Public? -- 5.1 General Principles -- 5.2 Setting Objectives -- 5.3 Selecting the Target Audience -- 5.4 Selection of Appropriate Tools -- 5.5 How to Do It? -- 5.6 Evaluation of Success -- 5.7 Case Study: Visitor Centre in Vácrátót, Hungary -- 6 Conclusions -- References
Drivers and Pressures on Biodiversity in Analytical Frameworks -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Different Approaches to Classify the Drivers and Pressures on Biodiversity -- 2.1 Scenarios of Biodiversity Change for the Year 2100 and the Ranking of the Main Drivers -- 2.2 The Stress-Response Framework -- 2.3 The DPSIR Framework -- 2.4 The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Framework (MA) -- 3 The Main Drivers and Pressures on Biodiversity -- 3.1 Land-use Changes -- 3.2 Climate Change -- 3.3 Changes in Matter Fluxes -- 3.4 Biological Invasions -- 4 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Subject Index
In this book the editors have provided a broad view of the many pressures imposed by human-induced changes and the many threats to global biodiversity and of the policy responses required to combat them
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Allen, Geoffrey Biodiversity Under Threat Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry,c2007 9780854042517
主題 Biodiversity.;Ecological heterogeneity
Electronic books
Alt Author Barbour, Anthony K
Proctor, Andrew
Taylor, David
Vincent, James H
Parr, Terence W
Bredemeier, Michael
Sauberer, Norbert
Dennis, Peter
Petriccione, Bruno
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