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作者 Parraga, Isabel M
書名 Dietary beliefs, nutritional patterns and nutritional status of urban Aymara women and children
說明 353 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 53-07, Section: A, page: 2436
Adviser: Lawrence P. Greksa
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Case Western Reserve University, 1992
Low income rural populations of less developed countries often move to cities in order to improve their quality of life (Bilsborrow et al 1987; Salisbury and Salisbury 1972; Doughty 1972; Epstein 1972). However, most nutritional studies of these rural to urban migrants reveal poor nutritional status (Thainuea 1990; FAO 1986; Tong 1986; Clark 1980). The purpose of this study was to examine food consumption patterns and nutritional status of one group of rural to urban migrants. The sample includes Aymara women and preschool children of El Alto, a low income periurban area of La Paz, Bolivia. Data was collected from June through August 1989 by home interviews using 24 hour dietary recalls, food frequencies and by anthropometric measurements
Food patterns are monotonous and lack diversity. Age adjusted mean intakes of protein and vitamin C are adequate for younger women, while the age adjusted mean nutrient intakes of older women are all significantly (p $<$.05) lower than 100% of the recommended dietary intakes (RDIs) of the FAO/WHO. RDIs of children are met for protein, calcium, and vitamin C, and are adequate for iron after 2 years of age
According to the Waterlow classification of nutritional status, 55% of children are normally nourished, 42% of children exhibit linear growth stunting, and approximately 2% of children exhibit symptoms of both wasting and of stunting and wasting. Ninety-five percent of women have height z-scores which fall less than 1 standard deviation below the median of the NCHS reference data. Eighty-one percent of women are within plus or minus 1 standard deviation from the NCHS reference weight for height data. Arm circumference z-scores are within plus or minus 1 standard deviation from the NCHS reference median for 39% of children and 55% of women
Factors accounting for significant (p $<$.05) decreases in weight for height z-scores for women and children, as well as in mean calcium and riboflavin intakes of children, are maternal education, literacy, and style of dress. Maternal employment and occupation had significant (p $<$.05) negative effects on mean riboflavin and ascorbic acid intakes of children, and mean age adjusted vitamin A intakes of women
School code: 0042
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 53-07A
主題 Anthropology, Physical
Health Sciences, Nutrition
0327
0570
Alt Author Case Western Reserve University
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