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作者 Pütz, Martin
書名 Cognitive Sociolinguistics : Social and cultural variation in cognition and language use
出版項 Amsterdam/Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014
©2014
國際標準書號 9789027270276 (electronic bk.)
9789027202789
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (222 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
系列 Benjamins Current Topics ; v.59
Benjamins Current Topics
附註 Intro -- Cognitive Sociolinguistics -- Editorial page -- Title page -- LCC data -- Table of contents -- The emergence of Cognitive Sociolinguistics -- 1. Introduction to the field of Cognitive Sociolinguistics -- 2. Usage-based linguistics and language-internal variation -- 3. Usage-based vs. rule-based conceptions of language -- 4. Exploring variation of meaning -- 5. Categorization and prototypes -- 6. Language, culture and ideology -- 7. Introduction to the current volume -- 8. Conclusion -- References -- What is to be learned -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The acquisition of the general -- 3. Acquisition of variable patterns -- 4. Acquisition of what is new -- 5. Uniformity and divergence on a larger scale -- 5.1 The acquisition of social values -- 6. The effect of settlement and communication patterns -- 7. The acquisition of cultural values -- 8. From local nonconformity to community norms -- 9. Conclusion -- References -- Variation, structure and norms -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Norms as foundations -- 3. Langue as a normative feature of the community -- 4. Evolutionary linguistics and the causality of niche construction -- 5. The individual level, emergence and the causal role of community-level facts -- 6. The 'anti-normative' stance -- 7. Summary and final remarks -- References -- Flexibility and change in distributed cognitive systems -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Collective - differentially distributed - cognitive structures -- 3. Semantics and pragmatics -- 4. "Culture" as shared differentially distributed pragmatic knowledge -- 5. The requirements of flexibility -- 6. The role culture plays in regard to society and social living -- 7. The role social groups play in culture -- 8. Our social universe is made up of a multiplicity of overlapping social groups
9. Prototype-extension: the basis of the application of shared concepts to the experienced and imagined world -- 10. Some cultural knowledge systems - shared differentially distributed cognitive structures -- 11. Flexibility and variability -- 12. Some practical implications for analysis -- Conclusion -- References -- Appendix -- Pragmatic variation and cultural models -- 1. Introduction -- 2. A framework for studying pragmatic variation -- 3. Method -- 3.1 Research instrument -- 3.2 Population -- 3.3 Analysis -- 4. Results -- 4.1 Sociopragmatic similarities -- 4.2 Pragmalinguistic similarities -- 4.3 Pragmalinguistic differences -- 4.4 Sociopragmatic differences -- 5. Discussion -- 5.1 Status of findings -- 5.2 Towards an explanation -- 5.3 Cultural scripts -- 5.4 Cultural models -- 6. Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Cognitive Sociolinguistics in L2-variety dictionaries of English -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The usage-based approach to dictionary making -- 3. Conceptual information in learners' dictionaries of English and 'the cultural dictionary' -- 4. L2- and other variety dictionaries of English -- 5. Cognitive-sociolinguistic principles for L2-dictionaries (of English) and their applications -- 6. Conclusion -- References -- Spread of on-going changes in an immigrant language -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Turkish in the Netherlands: Sociolinguistic background -- 1.2 Usage-based approaches to language change -- 2. Method -- 2.1 The NL-Turkish Spoken Corpus -- 2.2 Experimental design -- 2.3 The statistical analysis -- 3. Results -- 4. Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Appendix -- Instructions -- Defining the cognitive mechanisms underlying reactions to foreign accented speech -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Research question and hypothesis -- Previous research -- 3. The Associative-Propositional Evaluation (APE) Model
4. Methodology -- Participants -- Tasks -- Task 1: Implicit Association Test (IAT) -- Task 2: Self report -- Materials -- Accent selection -- The scripts -- The recordings -- Task 3: Self-report -- 5. Results -- 5.1 IAT results -- 5.2 Explicit results -- Discussion and conclusion -- 6. Practical implications -- 7. Conclusion -- References -- Appendix A -- Table A-1. -- Appendix B -- Table B-1. -- Appendix C -- Scripts for Doctors' Testimonies -- Appendix D -- Table D-1. -- Subject index
With the notable exception of the application of the metonymy model to explain stereotyping (Kristiansen, 2001), sociolinguistic language attitudes research has typically focused exclusively on explicit attitudes toward foreign accents without providing a cognitive model to explain how such attitudes are formed. At the same time, researchers in other fields have proposed the use of specific cognitive processing models such as the Elaboration Likelihood Model (Petty & Cacioppo, 1986) to explain the cognitive processes underlying reactions to foreign-accented speakers, without isolating foreign accent as an independent variable and without considering that listeners may possess different explicit and implicit attitudes towards the same speaker (e.g., Frumkin, 2007). Focusing on instances where participants exhibit different explicit attitudes toward the same foreign accented speaker for different speaker traits (e.g., likeability versus knowledge), the present study seeks to provide a deeper understanding of the nature of reactions to foreign accented speech by testing at which point negative attitudes toward foreign accents are formed and changed. Specifically, this research asks whether interlocutors have uniformly negative immediate associative reactions to foreign accent that are subsequently mitigated for certain judgments by propositional processes to form differing explicit attitudes, or whether the immediate reactions are ambivalent, but subsequently become negative for certain judgments through propositional processes
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Pütz, Martin Cognitive Sociolinguistics : Social and cultural variation in cognition and language use Amsterdam/Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c2014 9789027202789
主題 Cognitive grammar -- Social aspects.;Discourse analysis -- Social aspects.;Sociolinguistics
Electronic books
Alt Author Robinson, Justyna A
Reif, Monika
記錄 2 之 2
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