MARC 主機 00000nam  2200325   4500 
001    AAI3207289 
005    20070910091621.5 
008    070910s2006                        eng d 
020    9780542558764 
035    (UMI)AAI3207289 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Reitan, Ruth 
245 10 Transnational activist networks:  Against neoliberal 
       globalization and for another possible world 
300    415 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-
       02, Section: A, page: 0711 
500    Adviser:  Paul Wapner 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--The American University, 2006 
520    This dissertation addresses why and how a shift to the 
       transnational level is occurring among activist networks, 
       what are their changing compositions and characters, and 
       what is the role of the World Social Forum (WSF) in this 
       transnationalizing process. It uses an extended case 
       method of semi-structured interviews and theory-driven 
       participant observation to compare four networks targeting
       the World Bank, the IMF and the World Trade Organization 
       (WTO) as propagators of neoliberal globalization: the 
       Jubilee anti-debt networks, the Via Campesina peasant 
       farmers and Our World Is Not For Sale which both target 
       the WTO, and the anti-capitalist Peoples' Global Action. 
       First, in amending McAdam, Tarrow and Tilly's scale shift 
       process from their Dynamics of Contention, this work shows
       that networks follow a similar trajectory in "going 
       global": broad change process and triggers of neoliberal 
       globalization spark localized action, the realization of 
       the need to go global, relational and non-relational 
       diffusion and brokerage, frame alignment, a shift in 
       objects and claims, the attribution of worthiness, 
       interconnectedness, or similarity, leading to solidarity 
       and, finally, transnational collective action. Second, in 
       analyzing networks' compositions and characters vis-a-vis 
       proximity to the problem, affective response, type of 
       solidarity evoked, network model, operational paradigm, 
       and claims, this work identified a trend away from 
       altruistic solidarity and toward, first, identity-based 
       solidarity shared among those immediately affected by 
       neoliberal change and, second, reciprocal solidarity based
       on empathy and perceived interconnectedness. Identity-
       based solidarity networks eschew a centralized, NGO 
       advocacy model and rather are hybrids that adopt features 
       of horizontal, direct activism social justice networks, 
       making bivalent claims of economic redistribution and 
       cultural recognition, and bridging the reformist-
       transformational divide with transitional paradigms. 
       Finally, the WSF was found to be fertile ground to nourish
       and strengthen individual networks, a common ground for 
       cooperative action among them, and a battleground over the
       future of the forum process and the global "network of 
       networks" itself. The process and outcome of this 
       cooperation and competition will greatly impact the 
       character of the WSF, the emergent network of networks, 
       and "other possible worlds" in the making 
590    School code: 0008 
590    DDC 
650  4 Political Science, International Law and Relations 
650  4 Sociology, Social Structure and Development 
690    0616 
690    0700 
710 20 The American University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g67-02A 
856 40 |u