MARC 主機 00000nam  2200349   4500 
001    AAI3243800 
005    20080521111921.5 
008    080521s2007    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
035    (UMI)AAI3243800 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Shim, Jae Woong 
245 10 Online pornography and rape myth acceptance: Sexually 
       degrading content, anonymous viewing conditions, and the 
       activation of antisocial attitudes  
300    177 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-
       12, Section: A, page: 4378 
500    Adviser: Erik P. Bucy 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Indiana University, 2007 
520    The primary aim of this study is to address the effects of
       sexual media content, including explicit and "degrading" 
       elements, on sexist and stereotypical attitudes. A 
       secondary goal is to understand the influence of anonymous
       viewing conditions within the context of sexual media 
       effects. To assess the impact of these factors, the study 
       employs a between-subjects pretest-posttest experimental 
       design. Two between-subjects factors are: media content 
       (sexually "degrading" material, sexually "non-degrading" 
       material, and non-sexual material) and viewing condition 
       (anonymous and non-anonymous). Dependent variables include
       benevolent sexism, hostile sexism, rape supportive 
       attitudes, and sexual media choice 
520    Results show that exposure to sexually degrading content 
       significantly increased participants' levels of hostile 
       sexism and rape supportive attitudes but did not increase 
       benevolent sexism. Exposure to content that was not 
       sexually degrading, on the other hand, did not increase 
       sexist attitudes. There was no significant interaction 
       effect between types of sexual media content and viewing 
       conditions on the activation of antisocial attitudes. 
       Interestingly, anonymous viewing conditions increased 
       levels of hostile sexism. Results also show that 
       participants in anonymous conditions expressed greater 
       willingness to select more sexually intense and 
       thematically varied films than those in non-anonymous 
520    Taken together, the findings of this study suggest that 
       sexual explicitness alone is not likely to change viewers'
       sexist attitudes. Combining sexual explicitness with 
       sexually degrading factors, however, is likely to produce 
       hostile thoughts and antipathy towards women. Findings 
       also suggest that the sense of anonymity reduces viewers' 
       hesitation to express antipathy towards women and leads to
       requests to experience more extreme types of sexual 
520    By considering the influence of degrading content and 
       anonymous sexual media use, these results offer insight 
       into two areas: (1) how inconsistent findings from 
       previous research on the effects of sexually explicit 
       material may be explained; and, (2) which factors in the 
       depiction of pornography may have harmful evaluative 
       effects---namely, degrading themes integrated with sexual 
       explicitness. However, this study concludes that while 
       anonymous sexual media use might facilitate antisocial and
       deviant thoughts in viewers, it should not cause sexually 
       impulsive and disinhibited behaviors 
590    School code: 0093 
590    DDC 
650  4 Psychology, Social 
650  4 Mass Communications 
690    0451 
690    0708 
710 2  Indiana University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g67-12A 
856 40 |u