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作者 Spirtas, Michael Gregory
書名 With and without: British and French policies toward economic and military cooperation
國際標準書號 0591718332
book jacket
說明 385 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 58-12, Section: A, page: 4801
Adviser: Helen V. Milner
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Columbia University, 1998
When leaders perceive their states to be part of a group of states, they are more likely to favor cooperation within this group. Group identification contributes to intimate international cooperation; lack of group identification makes such cooperation unlikely. My theory explains why France supported monetary cooperation in Europe from 1979 to 1992; and why Great Britain did not support monetary cooperation in 1978, supported it from 1990-1992, yet did not support it in September 1992. It also explains why France and Great Britain joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, why France dropped out of NATO's integrated military structure in 1966, and why Great Britain remained in the structure
Current efforts to explain international cooperation are flawed. Neorealist explanations often contain unspecified theories of the domestic sources of cooperation, and approaches that focus on the role of domestic groups and coalition formation assume away questions of preference formation. Explanations that focus on the role of domestic institutions and ideas can not show why a state might cooperate at one time and not another, and approaches that emphasize the role of historical contingency can not be used to unearth generalizable lessons about cooperation. We need an explanation that can illuminate the process of preference formation, that can show how preferences can change over time, and that can be applied to more than one case
Constructivists argue that the formation of group identities affects the likelihood of cooperation. They urge us to examine the strategies and positions of the players, as well as the intersubjective understandings that influence players' calculation of their interests. It is not enough, however, for political scientists to suggest that group identity formation influences cooperation. I show how group identities form and how that process affects cooperation decisions
School code: 0054
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 58-12A
主題 Political Science, International Law and Relations
Economics, General
0616
0501
Alt Author Columbia University
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