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作者 Steininger, Brian Robert
書名 Poetic Ministers: Literacy and Bureaucracy in the Tenth-Century State Academy
國際標準書號 9781124424118
book jacket
說明 297 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-03, Section: A, page: 0943
Adviser: Edward Kamens
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Yale University, 2010
Japan's tenth century is often described as either a cultural efflorescence that produced the most revered classics of vernacular writing, or a period of slavish imitation of Chinese customs, ideals, and literature. Rejecting such narratives, this dissertation attempts a more rigorous analysis of the dynamics of cultural exchange, by demonstrating that locally-determined social roles and objectives governed the content and application of cultural borrowing in ancient Japan. The social determinants of literary adaptation are elucidated through focus on a single, historically-specific group of cultural producers: graduates of the Heian "State Academy" [daigakuryo] who trained in the Kidendo curriculum, which centered on Chinese dynastic histories and belles-lettres. The Kidendo is first examined as a pedagogical methodology, and then documentary evidence of the social activities and production of Kidendo students is employed to reread their literary works
Because very little is recorded about the specifics of Academy pedagogy in contemporary records, Chapter 1 draws on evidence from Japanese manuscripts of the Chinese anthology Wenxuan to show how Academy scholars supplemented Chinese commentaries with translation (kundoku) and locally-produced references. This methodology carried over into attempts at scholarship on local subjects, such as the dictionary Wanyo ruiju sho, discussed in Chapter 2. These chapters articulate the reading and translation practices in the State Academy, and their relationship to literacy in the wider court. Later chapters investigate the influence of Kidenda scholars as interpreters of Chinese literature in the Heian court. Chapters 3 and 4 discuss the generic development of Chinese poetry ( kanshi) in Japan, in relation to Kidendo-favored primers and the changing social role of Academy graduates. Finally, Chapter 5 focuses on the career of one scholar, Minamoto Shitago (911--83), to examine the importance of private patron relationships and the multifaceted literary activities they engendered. Two appendices present translations of a Heian-period composition manual, Saktatton daitai, and the record of a 951 poetic banquet. By drawing on materials largely overlooked by traditional Japanese literary historiography, this dissertation presents a new picture of Heian literary culture, reanalyzing Sino-Japanese cultural transmission as a contingent and locally-directed process
School code: 0265
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-03A
主題 Literature, Comparative
Literature, Asian
History, Asia, Australia and Oceania
Alt Author Yale University
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