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作者 Sterling, Adina D
書名 Who You Know: Pre-Entry Contacts and Post-Entry Social Structure
國際標準書號 9781124926285
book jacket
說明 126 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-12, Section: A, page: 4632
Adviser: Peter Roberts
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Emory University, 2011
A growing body of research suggests that disparities in workers' networks propel them into stratified opportunities in organizations. Workers that are embedded in organizational networks have greater resources and career rewards than less socially-connected workers. Little is known, however, about how structural differences in workers' networks arise
This dissertation presents and tests a theory on the origins of structural differences in workers' networks. The theory points to the significance of pre-entry relationships that influence access to networks in organizations. I argue that pre-entry relationships are a product of an external structure that conditions interaction opportunities between organizational insiders and outsiders. When workers are hired with pre-entry relationships they form more social ties in organizations than workers without pre-entry relationships
After establishing the relationship between pre- and post-entry social structure, I develop arguments on how these structures impact mobility in organizations. Past research indicates that all other things equal, individuals with relationships to organizational members are more likely to be hired by employers. Here I suggest that pre-entry contacts also influence career outcomes after individuals join organizations. I examine the influence of pre- and post-entry social structure on post-entry mobility
I test these predictions using data collected from graduate students in business and law that completed internships. I investigate the effect of pre-entry relationships on the networks that graduate students formed and on their acquisition of post-graduate job offers from employers. An important concern when testing this prediction is that pre-entry contacts are not randomly assigned. My context affords me the chance to observe graduate students' networks at the university. I use their university networks as a proxy for network behavior in regression Models. Additionally I use a two-stage IV technique to determine if external structures condition the likelihood of having pre-entry relationships that subsequently impact post-entry networks and career rewards. Finally I conduct semi-structured interviews to gain qualitative insights on pre- and post-entry social structures and careers. Quantitative and qualitative evidence suggests that networks and mobility outcomes are rooted in pre-entry relationships
School code: 0665
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-12A
主題 Business Administration, General
Sociology, Social Structure and Development
Sociology, Organizational
Alt Author Emory University
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