MARC 主機 00000nam  2200361   4500 
001    AAINR52533 
005    20110120112645.5 
008    110120s2009    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780494525333 
035    (UMI)AAINR52533 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Sumner, T. Alexandra 
245 10 Learning and cognition among Middle Palaeolithic stone 
       toolmakers of Egyptian North Africa 
300    479 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 70-
       10, Section: A, page: 3909 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Toronto (Canada), 2009 
520    The present study concerns individual and group 
       technological performance, and the social environment in 
       which learned technological knowledge is achieved and 
       shared among Middle Palaeolithic flintknappers. The site 
       of Taramsa Hill in Upper Egypt provides a unique 
       collection of lithic refits through which aspects of early
       human cognition, learning and information exchange are 
       examined. The Levallois strategy represents the technology
       employed at the quarry and workshop site, along with its 
       transitional form, the Taramsan strategy 
520    Drawing from the fields of psychology and the cognitive 
       sciences, and employing photogrammetric and 3D computer 
       applications, I examine aspects of the individual 
       flintknapping event, including the installation and 
       maintenance of upper-surface convexity and the management 
       of core volume. I present results from studies in product 
       standardization, cycles of preparation and endproduct 
       exploitation, and core sector exploitation. I discuss 
       technological commonalities and variation, tracing the 
       chaine operatoires of each event in light of specific 
       cognitive correlates, including proceduralization, multi-
       tasking, and motor action schema. These processes directly
       relate to technical savoir faire (know-how) and 
       technological  connaissance (knowledge) (Pelegrin 1993; 
       Boeda 1995; Chazan 1997) 
520    Tied to current debates concerning the capacity for modern
       human behaviour prior to the Upper Palaeolithic, the 
       present study demonstrates the complex nature of the 
       cognitive versatility dominating the work of a group of 
       late Middle Palaeolithic flintknappers. Taken from a study
       of thirty-one sequences, I identify nine expertly knapped 
       cores, the study of which forms the basis of the 
       dissertation. Adding to the views of others, I provide 
       evidence to support the Levallois strategy as being only a
       general concept, used by each knapper as a framework to 
       formulate a strategy tailored to the particular knapping 
       event. Each example of the Levallois strategy is, in fact,
       a collection of "blocks of technological knowledge" or sub
       -strategies, stored and retrieved from long-term memory 
       and combined by the knapper to suit the particulars of the
       unique knapping event 
520    The presence of many endproducts, and near-complete 
       reductions, suggests a purpose for the site beyond that of
       mere technological function. I interpret Taramsa Hill to 
       be, in part, a location for learning technological 
       behaviours. Evidence for the exchange of technological 
       information set within unified system of learning, is 
       exhibited in patterns of core maintenance and reduction 
       design. Each core signifies an individual knapper, but 
       also represents knowledge shared among a group of 
       prehistoric stone toolmakers 
590    School code: 0779 
650  4 Anthropology, Archaeology 
650  4 Psychology, Social 
650  4 Psychology, Cognitive 
690    0324 
690    0451 
690    0633 
710 2  University of Toronto (Canada) 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g70-10A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
       advanced?query=NR52533