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作者 Pham-Kanter, Genevieve
書名 Essays on the sociology and economics of health inequalities
國際標準書號 9781109317398
book jacket
說明 93 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 70-08, Section: A, page: 3206
Advisers: Ed Laumann; Steven Levitt
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of Chicago, 2009
This dissertation is comprised of two essays on the sociology and economics of health inequalities. In the first essay, I ask whether having richer having friends and neighbors is good or bad for your health. Using a newly available data set that reports individuals' income positions within their self-defined social networks, I find a relationship between relative position and health status, and find indirect support for the biological mechanism underlying the relative deprivation model: lower relative position tends to be associated with those health conditions thought to be linked to physiological stress. I also find, however, that only extremes of relative position matter and that the effect of relative income is much smaller than the effect of absolute income or assets
In the second essay, I look at the relationship between the sex of the first-born child and maternal weight. I find that the mothers of first-born daughters, on average, weigh 2-7 pounds less than mothers of first-born sons. This weight gap emerges as the first-born enters school and is largest during the child's teen years. I find indirect evidence that some part of this gender weight gap is driven by mothers with daughters feeling worse about their physical appearance and spending more time maintaining their appearance and weight. I also find support for the hypothesis that increased bargaining power associated with the birth of a son leads to mothers of sons weighing more. I find no support for the hypothesis that mothers with sons are heavier because they eat more in the presence of their sons. I also show that it is unlikely that underlying biological factors are significantly biasing these estimates
School code: 0330
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 70-08A
主題 Economics, Labor
Health Sciences, Epidemiology
Sociology, Demography
Alt Author The University of Chicago. Sociology and Economics
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