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作者 Thuynsma, A
書名 Public Opinion and Interest Group Politics : South Africa¿s Missing Links?
出版項 Pretoria : Africa Institute of South Africa, 2012
國際標準書號 9780798303262 (electronic bk.)
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (354 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Cover -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Contents -- Acknowledgements -- Preface -- Foreword -- Abbreviations and acronyms -- Author biographies -- Introduction -- Part 1: Public Opinion and Interest Group Politics Around the World: Instructive Insight? -- Chapter 1 - Special interests and how they help shape US legislation: Interesting possibilities or potential pitfalls? -- The nature of interest-group politics in the US: America's love-hate relationship with interest groups -- The US Constitution's paradoxical promotion of interest groups -- Interest groups aided by the political cultural values of individualism and promotion of the commonwealth -- Moderate and catch-all political parties leave room for interest-group influence -- The positive effects of associations and interest groups on political participation and social capital -- The history of interest groups: New groups growing without older groups decaying -- Methods advocacy groups use to affect agenda -- Electioneering -- Electioneering: Campaign contributions -- Electioneering: Issue advocacy -- Lobbying -- Mobilising the public and its opinions -- Contextualising interest-group politics in Congress -- Interest group resources and interest group power -- How interest-group type and policy goals affect a group's ability to mobilise -- The nature of costs and benefits from policy brings different patterns of interest group competition -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 2 - Fundraising for social change in the US: Interest group advocacy in contemporary US elections -- What is advocacy? -- What advocacy does -- Types of political advocacy organisations -- Campaign finance law and advocacy -- The growing importance of issue advocacy in the US elections -- Issue advocacy perspectives in the 2008 election cycle -- Issue advocacy in California's 2008 ballot initiative, Proposition 8
Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 3 - Interest groups in the Germanpolitical system: Advice for South Africa? -- Interest groups: Pillars of democracy or a danger for democratic governance? -- Interest groups as an essential element of modern democracy -- Interest groups: A threat to democracy? -- Pluralism in historical perspective -- The corporatist tradition - a democracy of negotiation -- Organised interests in Germany: A brief overview -- Lobbying in Brussels -- Employer organisations -- Employer and business associations -- The trade unions -- The Christian churches -- Interest groups and politics: Channels of influence -- Lobbying parliament -- Public communication -- The direct path to power: Interest groups and the ministerial bureaucracy -- Professionalised lobbying -- Political parties and interest groups: Still a symbiosis? -- From ultra-stability to colourful coalitions: The changing structure of the party system -- Public interest groups and advocacy coalitions -- Conclusion -- Relevance for South Africa -- Notes -- Part 2: Public Opinion and Interest Group Politics in South Africa: Comparing Perspectives -- Chapter 4 - Understanding the South African political psyche -- South African politics in perspective -- The politics of power and material wellbeing -- Theories of political participation -- Is there a South African political psyche? -- Demonstrating the South African political psyche -- Immediate socio-economic factors and the political psyche -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 5 - The character of the South African state: The self-understanding of the ANC as government and its impact on the public space -- The ANC-in-government understanding of the state and government of South Africa -- Circumstances that promote an enterprise association understanding of the state and government in South Africa
Key ideas that have informed the ANC's rule since 1994 -- Nation-building and reconciliation -- Transformation, reconstruction and development -- The National Democratic Revolution (NDR) -- Unity -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 6 - The methodology of polling public opinion in South Africa: Measuring the pulse of the people -- Important considerations: Coverage, fieldwork and questionnaire design -- Sampling - the crux of the matter -- Sampling method -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 7 - Managing public opinion during the 2009 South African elections -- Public opinion, the media and party campaigns on the eve of the 2009 elections -- The public agenda -- The media's focus -- Use of media sources -- Political party campaigns -- Party identification -- Party images 1994-2008 -- Party images and the 2009 South African elections -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 8 - The possibilities of election campaigns as sites for political advocacy: South Africa in comparative perspective -- News media access and use -- Voter interest in media election coverage -- The quality of media election coverage -- Direct face-to-face campaigning -- Campaign mass advertising -- The voting decision -- Campaigns as sites for policy debate and policy advocacy -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 9 - Challenges for interest groups and their advocacy campaigns: The case of sustainable medium density housing -- Background -- Institutional and organisational structure of the Rainbow Housing Co-operative -- Development Action Group (DAG) as a support organisation -- Context -- The challenge -- The South African context -- Housing and policy challenges -- The social housing challenge -- Voices of the people: Advocacy and lobbying strategies -- Local government - City of Cape Town -- Provincial government - Western Cape -- National government -- Other role players and strategies
Not yet the end of the road -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 10 - An interest group at work: Environmental activism and the case of acid mine drainage on Johannesburg's West Rand -- The acid mine drainage challenge on the West Rand -- An overview of acid mine drainage -- AMD on the West Rand -- The legislative context within which AMD exists and interacts -- Interest groups and environmental activism in South Africa -- Acid mine drainage advocacy on the West Rand -- Advocacy agenda -- Advocacy techniques -- Strengths and successes -- Weaknesses and challenges -- Conclusion -- The importance of networking -- Find funding that 'sets you free' -- Enhance information and its dissemination -- Notes -- Part 3: Championing Public Opinion: A Future for Interest Groups? -- Chapter 11 - Managing campaigns to influence the public policy agenda: Putting theory into practice -- Legislators and groups: Understand their motives -- Maximising grassroots issues and support -- Planning for action -- Define the future, set the goal -- The context rules -- Strategy -- Tactical options -- Promoting through protest -- Costing a campaign -- Staffing a campaign with volunteers -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 12 - Advocacy and financing that shapes and shifts public opinion -- Regulating campaign finance in South Africa -- Political parties -- Public benefit organisations (PBOs) -- Shifting sources -- Fundraising strategy vs finance plan -- Pitching social change -- Leveraging financial instruments for social impact -- Programme-related investments -- Growth capital campaigns -- Capacity capital grants -- Social impact bonds -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 13 - Government and access effects on the use of social networking sites by nationwide NGOs in the US, South Africa and Mexico -- The problem -- A brief history of social networking sites
Penetration, access and the digital divide -- Hypotheses -- Democracy and social networking sites -- Research criteria -- The United States of America -- Mexico -- South Africa -- Research methodology -- Results -- Global traffic ranking of most popular social networking sites -- Using social networking sites in three nations -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 14 - The ability of social movements to affect policy change in South Africa and the US: Comparing and contrasting key elements of HIV/AIDS treatment and welfare entitlement campaigns -- The Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) -- Measuring the TAC campaign's effect -- HIV/AIDS advocacy in the US: Some striking similarities -- The Child Support Grant (CSG) extension campaign -- Welfare advocacy in the US: Similar challenges despite dissimilar contexts -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Chapter 15 - Beyond appeasement: The real business agenda -- Business and its strategic weaknesses -- Companies often encourage more pressures on themselves -- Business has failed to appreciate the full extent of the forces working to undermine its legitimacy -- The individualistic nature of business is a strategic weakness -- Business has failed to put together a compelling account of its positive impact -- The real agenda for business -- Find new allies -- Stand up for business, markets and globalisation -- Don't wait to be attacked -- seize the high ground -- Change perceptions of and attitudes to business -- The selling of ideas and the defence of business and markets must be taken as seriously as product marketing -- Don't fund your enemies … -- … but identify and support your friends -- A national business agenda -- Concluding remarks -- Notes -- Chapter 16 - Democracy without a choice? Interest groups, advocacy and political behaviour in Namibia: A warning for South Africa? -- One-party dominance in practice
Government and opposition
In more developed democracies, such as the US and Germany, interest groups both shape and promote public opinion. Regrettably, this is not always true in South Africa�s nascent system. This anthology tries to understand why interest groups do not affect or advance public opinion in South Africa and then suggests how interest groups can redress the situation
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Thuynsma, A. Public Opinion and Interest Group Politics : South Africa¿s Missing Links? Pretoria : Africa Institute of South Africa,c2012 9780798302920
主題 Public opinion -- South Africa.;Pressure groups -- South Africa
Electronic books
Alt Author Thuynsma, A
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