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作者 Rajkumar, Andrew Sunil
書名 Combating Malnutrition in Ethiopia : An Evidence-Based Approach for Sustained Results
出版項 Herndon : World Bank Publications, 2011
國際標準書號 9780821387665 (electronic bk.)
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (169 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
系列 Africa Human Development
Africa Human Development
附註 Intro -- Half Title Page -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Table of Contents -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Glossary -- Executive Summary -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- Malnutrition: Definition, Causes, and Consequences -- Food Security versus Nutrition Security -- A Snapshot of Malnutrition in Ethiopia -- Notes -- Chapter 2. Who Is Malnourished in Ethiopia and Why? Findings from a Disaggregated Analysis -- Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight: Disparities by Region and Level of Wealth -- Determinants of Child Stunting and Wasting -- Links between Food Security Status and Malnutrition -- Suboptimal Breast-Feeding Practices: Scope of the Problem and Causes -- Vitamin A Intake: A Disaggregated Focus -- Iodine Intake and Salt Iodization -- Iron Deficiency Anemia: A Disaggregated Focus -- Notes -- Chapter 3. Current Programs in Ethiopia -- Programs That Give Food or Cash -- Programs That Do Not Give Food or Cash, Other Than Those Focusing on Community Volunteers -- Programs with a Strong Community Volunteer Focus -- A Closer Look at Four Programs Affecting Nutrition in Ethiopia -- Notes -- Chapter 4. Assessing the Costs and Benefits of Nutrition-Related Programs -- Methods and Limitations of Cost-Effectiveness and Benefit-Cost Analysis of Nutrition Interventions in Ethiopia -- Costing of Interventions and Effect on Mortality -- Nonquantitative Assessment of an Intervention's Impacts -- Impact on Economic Productivity -- Impact on Mental Ability -- Total Impacts on Mortality, Economic Productivity, and Mental Ability -- Community Volunteer Programs -- The Health Extension Program: Health Extension Workers -- Major Findings and Implications -- Notes -- Chapter 5. A Targeted, Multisectoral Approach to Combating Malnutrition in Ethiopia -- The National Nutrition Program: A Harmonized, Programmatic Approach
Strengthening Coordination between Programs and with the Private Sector -- Nutrition Information and Surveillance -- Optimal Targeting of Nutrition-Related Programs -- Targeting: A Summary -- Notes -- Appendix A. Results from Regression Analyses -- Appendix B. Assumptions for the Costing of Nutrition Interventions -- References -- Index -- Back Cover
Despite recent progress, malnutrition remains a severe problem in Ethiopia, especially among young children. Many of them suffer lifelong consequences in terms of higher risk of mortality and future illness, impaired cognitive ability (including lower IQ) and educational attainment, and overall productivity loss. This report provides the findings from an in-depth data-based analysis of malnutrition in Ethiopia and its causes. It assesses various aspects of current nutrition programming in the country, noting the importance of Ethiopia's first National Nutrition Strategy and National Nutrition Program established in 2008. The report also examines key details including costs and benefits of a range of interventions against malnutrition in the country, including some that are not yet being implemented but could potentially be introduced. The analysis draws on data from household surveys, detailed program data and data from various sources on costs, impacts and potential coverage, among others.The report finds that contrary to what is commonly believed and traditionally used to guide policymaking, a substantial amount of the malnutrition in Ethiopia is due to factors other than food insecurity, pointing to the need for a multi-sectoral approach. Nutrition interventions in general are found to have high benefit-to-cost ratios - sometimes in the double or triple digits - with these ratios being especially high for micronutrient interventions, insecticide-treated bednets, deworming and community-based interventions. Among others, the report recommends the introduction of deworming for pregnant women in Ethiopia - which has the highest benefit-to-cost ratio among the interventions analyzed - and scaling up community-based interventions. These include the Community-Based Nutrition program which shows impressive results in Ethiopia after just over two
years of implementation. The report also recommends various ways of improving the effectiveness of nutrition programming including by improving program targeting, enhancing coordination and linkages among programs, and establishing an effective nutrition information and surveillance system
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Rajkumar, Andrew Sunil Combating Malnutrition in Ethiopia : An Evidence-Based Approach for Sustained Results Herndon : World Bank Publications,c2011 9780821387658
主題 Malnutrition -- Ethiopia -- Statistics.;Malnutrition in children -- Ethiopia.;Cost effectiveness -- Ethiopia
Electronic books
Alt Author Gaukler, Christopher
Tilahun, Jessica
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