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作者 Wisor, Scott
書名 Developing a new global poverty metric: Toward a pro-poor approach
國際標準書號 9781124005065
book jacket
說明 299 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-06, Section: A, page: 2084
Adviser: Alison M. Jaggar
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Colorado at Boulder, 2010
Poverty is an increasingly important subject in moral and political philosophy. The concept of poverty is conceived and measured in a variety of competing ways. This dissertation seeks to explore two related questions about poverty: how should we think about poverty, and how should it be measured? I will argue that there is no single definitively correct conception or metric of poverty. In order to determine how poverty should be conceived of and measured, we must engage in a methodological discussion to determine which values should be used to resolve existing debates over the measurement of poverty
In the first section I develop a methodological framework for analyzing poverty. I argue that poverty is an essentially contested concept and there are multiple plausible conceptions of poverty. Similarly, there are multiple plausible poverty metrics that can be and have been developed. I argue that poverty measurement has hitherto been treated as value-neutral, despite the inherently value-laden nature of developing poverty conceptions and metrics. Given the value-laden nature of the enterprise, I argue for an ameliorative approach to poverty analysis that is explicitly normative. I then argue that a global poverty metric should be maintained, and defend this claim against common objections
In the second section I examine five competing conceptions of poverty and their corresponding metrics. Using an ameliorative approach, I examine the strengths and weaknesses of each approach and highlight the values that underlie each approach. I also examine the presence of descriptivism in each approach to poverty measurement, and explain how an ameliorative approach might reform the use of these conceptions and metrics
In the third section, I argue that a new global poverty metric should be developed using an ameliorative, pro-poor approach. I examine one pro-poor method, participation, and show how it can serve the interests of the poor if certain limitations are recognized. I defend a pro-poor poverty metric against possible objections. Finally, I propose a set of values to inform the development of a pro-poor global poverty metric, and make some tentative recommendations for indicators that could be included in such a metric
School code: 0051
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 71-06A
主題 Sociology, Theory and Methods
Philosophy
0344
0422
Alt Author University of Colorado at Boulder. Philosophy
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