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作者 Vilensky, Joel A
書名 Dew of Death : The Story of Lewisite, America's World War I Weapon of Mass Destruction
出版項 Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 2005
©2005
國際標準書號 9780253111524 (electronic bk.)
9780253346124
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (241 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Cover -- Contents -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- 1. 1878: Two Stars Are Born -- 2. The Poisonous Yellow Cloud and the American Response -- 3. The Hunt for a New King -- 4. The American University Experimental Station -- 5. Willoughby: The Chemical Warfare Service's Ace in the Hole -- 6. The Inter-War Years -- 7. Military Biology and BAL -- 8. World War II: The Gas War That Never Happened -- 9. Lewisite Production, Use, and Sea Dumping after World War II -- 10. Lewisite Stockpiles and Terrestrial Residues -- 11. Human and Environmental Toxicology -- 12. Lewisite, Terrorism, and the Future -- Appendix 1 / Lewisite's Chemical and Physical Properties -- Appendix 2 / Lewisite Production -- Appendix 3 / Lewisite Degradation -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index
"Dr. Vilensky raises important concerns regarding the threats posed by lewisite and other weapons of mass destruction. As he describes, non-proliferation programs are a vital component in the War on Terror." -- Richard G. Lugar, United States Senator"Joel Vilensky's book is a detailed and immensely useful account of the development and history of one of the major chemical weapons.... We will always know how to make lewisite, the 'Dew of Death,' but that does not mean that we should, or be compelled to accept such weapons in our lives." -- from the Foreword by Richard Butler, former head of UN Special Commission to Disarm IraqIn 1919, when the Great War was over, the New York Times reported on a new chemical weapon with "the fragrance of geranium blossoms," a poison gas that was "the climax of this country's achievements in the lethal arts." The name of this substance was lewisite and this is its story -- the story of an American weapon of mass destruction.Discovered by accident by a graduate student and priest in a chemistry laboratory at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., lewisite was developed into a weapon by Winford Lewis, who became its namesake, working with a team led by James Conant, later president of Harvard and head of government oversight for the U.S.'s atomic bomb program, the Manhattan Project. After a powerful German counterattack in the spring of 1918, the government began frantic production of lewisite in hopes of delivering 3,000 tons of the stuff to be ready for use in Europe the following year. The end of war
came just as the first shipment was being prepared. It was dumped into the sea, but not forgotten. Joel A. Vilensky tells the intriguing story of the discovery and development of lewisite and its curious history. During World War II, the United States produced more than 20,000 tons of lewisite, testing it on soldiers and secretly dropping it from airplanes. In the end, the substance was abandoned as a weapon because it was too unstable under most combat conditions. But a weapon once discovered never disappears. It was used by Japan in Manchuria and by Iraq in its war with Iran. The Soviet Union was once a major manufacturer. Strangely enough, although it was developed for lethal purposes, lewisite led to an effective treatment for a rare neurological disease
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Vilensky, Joel A. Dew of Death : The Story of Lewisite, America's World War I Weapon of Mass Destruction Bloomington : Indiana University Press,c2005 9780253346124
主題 Lewisite (Poison gas) -- History.;Organoarsenic compounds -- Toxicology
Electronic books
Alt Author Butler, Richard
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