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作者 Dhongde, Ramesh Vaman
書名 Marathi
出版項 Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2009
©2009
國際標準書號 9789027288837 (electronic bk.)
9789027238139
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (360 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Marathi -- Editorial page -- Title page -- LCC data -- Table of contents -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Abbreviations and symbols -- Abbreviations -- Symbols -- 1. Introduction -- 1.0 Area and speakers -- 1.1 Linguistic characteristics -- 1.2 Language and literature -- 1.3 Marathi grammarians -- 1.4 Script -- Notes -- 2. Sound system -- 2.1 Vowels and diphthongs -- 2.1.1 Length -- 2.1.2 Borrowed vowels -- 2.1.3 Distribution of vowels -- 2.1.4 Nasalization of vowels -- 2.2 Consonants -- 2.2.1 Description of consonants and their distribution -- 2.3 Phonotactics -- 2.3.1 Word-initial consonant-clusters -- 2.3.2 Word-medial geminates -- 2.3.3 Word-medial non-geminates -- 2.4 Syllable structure -- 2.5 Accent -- 2.5.1 Accent rules -- 2.6 Phonological processes -- 2.6.1 Assimilation -- 2.6.2 Palatalization -- 2.6.3 Aspiration -- 2.6.4 Deaspiration -- 2.6.5 Metathesis -- 2.6.6 Devoicing -- 2.6.7 Voicing -- 2.6.8 Diphthongization -- 2.6.9 Vowel harmony -- 2.6.10 Vowel raising -- 2.6.11 Deletion and insertion -- 2.6.12 Vowel to semi-vowel -- 2.7 Intonation -- 2.7.1 Rising -- 2.7.2 Falling -- 2.7.3 Level -- 2.7.4 Reversal in use -- 2.7.5 Drawled -- 2.7.6 Rise-fall -- 2.7.7 Fall-rise -- 2.7.8 Juncture -- Notes -- 3. Morphology -- 3.0 Parts of speech -- 3.1 Noun -- 3.1.1 Gender -- 3.1.2 Number -- 3.1.3 Case -- 3.2 Pronoun -- 3.2.1 Personal pronouns -- 3.2.2 Reflexive pronouns -- 3.2.3 Reciprocal pronouns -- 3.2.4 Demonstrative pronouns -- 3.2.5 Relative and correlative pronouns -- 3.2.6 Interrogative pronouns -- 3.2.7 Indefinite pronouns / quantifiers -- 3.3 Adjective -- 3.3.1 Inflecting and non-inflecting -- 3.3.2 Adjective types -- 3.4 Verb -- 3.4.1 Auxiliaries and simple verbs -- 3.4.2 Compound verbs -- 3.4.3 Phrasal verbs -- 3.4.4 Tense and aspect -- 3.5 Adverb -- 3.5.1 Basic adverbs -- 3.5.2 Derived adverbs -- 3.5.3 Minor types
3.5.4 Semantic classification -- 3.5.5 Order of adverbs -- 3.6 Postposition -- 3.6.1 Place of postpositions -- 3.6.2 Postposition types -- 3.6.3 Compound postpositions -- 3.7 Conjunction -- 3.7.1 Coordinating conjunctions -- 3.7.2 Subordinating conjunctions -- 3.7.3 Adsententials -- 3.8 Particles -- 3.8.1 Assertive particles -- 3.8.2 Intensifiers -- 3.9 Interjections -- Notes -- 4. Word formation -- 4.0 Formation of words -- 4.1 Noun formation -- 4.1.1 Prefixation -- 4.1.2 Suffixation -- 4.2 Adjective formation -- 4.2.1 Prefixation -- 4.2.2 Suffixation -- 4.3 Verb formation -- 4.3.1 Verb formation processes -- 4.3.2 Suffixation -- 4.3.3 Causative verbs -- 4.3.4 Abilitative verbs -- 4.4 Compounds -- 4.4.1 Conjoining -- 4.4.2 Compound nouns -- 4.4.3 Compound adjectives -- 4.5 Reduplication -- 4.5.1 Phonological reduplication -- 4.5.2 Semantic reduplication -- 4.6 Intensifiers -- 4.6.1 Function -- 4.7 Diminutives -- 4.7.1 Diminutive suffixes -- 4.8 Unique morphemes -- 4.8.1 Gooseberry type morphemes -- Notes -- 5. Subject and agreement -- 5.0 Agreement dilemma -- 5.1 Agreement resolution -- 5.1.1 Non-perfective aspect -- 5.1.2 Perfective aspect -- 5.1.3 Obligative-desiderative/subjunctive -- 5.1.4 Pronominals -- 5.2 Subjects -- 5.2.1 Nominative and ergative subjects -- 5.2.2 Dative subjects -- 5.2.3 Passive subjects -- 5.2.4 Subject hierarchy -- 5.3 Direct objects -- 5.4 Indirect objects -- Notes -- 6. Simple sentences -- 6.0 Sentential structure -- 6.1 Word order -- 6.2 Copular sentences -- 6.3 Declarative sentences -- 6.3.1 Intransitives -- 6.3.2 Transitives -- 6.3.3 Causatives -- 6.3.4 Impersonal sentences -- 6.4 Null subject sentences -- 6.5 Dative sentences -- 6.6 Passive sentences -- 6.7 Modal sentences -- 6.7.1 Modals by suffixation -- 6.7.2 Compound modals -- Notes -- 7. Complex sentences -- 7.0 Introduction -- 7.1 Complement structures
7.1.1 Finite complement clauses -- 7.1.2 Small clause complements -- 7.1.3 Non-finite complement clauses -- 7.2 Correlative structures -- 7.2.1 Adjectival correlatives -- 7.2.2 Appositive correlatives -- 7.2.3 Non-finite adjectival relative clauses -- 7.2.4 Adverbial correlative clauses -- 7.2.5 Conjunctive adverbial clauses -- Notes -- 8. Compound sentences -- 8.0 Coordination -- 8.1 Conjunctive coordinators -- 8.2 Sentence coordination -- 8.3 Constituent coordination -- 8.3.1 Noun coordination -- 8.3.2 Pronoun coordination -- 8.3.3 Special verbs -- 8.4 Deletion of identical elements -- 8.5 Coordination and accompaniment -- 8.6 Disjunctive structures -- 8.6.1 Sentence constituents -- 8.7 Adversative structures -- 9. Interrogative sentences -- 9.0 Introduction -- 9.1 Marathi interrogatives -- 9.2 Closed interrogatives -- 9.2.1 Neutral questions -- 9.2.2 Alternative questions -- 9.2.3 Leading Yes/no questions -- 9.2.4 Rhetorical questions -- 9.3 Open interrogatives -- 9.3.1 Questions in simple sentences -- 9.4 The scope of question words -- 9.4.1 Reduplicated question words -- 9.4.2 Multiple question words -- 9.4.3 Question words in a non-finite clause -- Notes -- 10. Negation -- 10.0 Introduction -- 10.1 Previous accounts -- 10.1.1 Preliminaries -- 10.1.2 Scope vs. focus -- 10.2 Sentential negation -- 10.2.1 Imperatives -- 10.2.2 Desiderative/subjunctive -- 10.2.3 Obligation -- 10.2.4 Necessity -- 10.2.5 Possibility -- 10.3 Quantifiers and negation -- 10.3.1 Existential quantifiers -- 10.3.2 Universal quantifier -- 10.3.3 Aggregates -- 10.3.4 Approximate quantifiers -- 10.3.5 Negation dependent idioms -- 10.4 Complex sentences -- 10.5 Coordinates -- 10.6 Constituent negation -- 10.7 Nahi vs. na -- Notes -- 11. Lexical anaphors and pronouns -- 11.0 A cross language perspective -- 11.1. Reflexives -- 11.1.1 Swәtah -- 11.1.2 Apәn
11.1.3 Emphatic reflexives -- 11.1.4 Voluntary reflexives -- 11.1.5 Reflexives in pragmatic contexts -- 11.2 Reciprocals -- 11.2.1 Mutual reciprocity -- 11.2.2 Reflexive reciprocity -- 11.3 Personal pronouns -- 11.3.1 Special pronoun apәn -- 11.3.2 Personal pronouns -- 11.3.3 Pronouns as logophors -- 11.3.4 Pronouns in discourse -- Notes -- 12. Sample texts -- 12.1 Written samples -- 12.1.1 Shrawanbelgol Karnataka Inscription: A.D. 1116-1117 -- 12.1.2 News -- 12.1.3 Advertisements -- 12.2 Spoken -- 12.2.1 Telephone conversation between two women -- 12.2.2 Conversation between a doctor and a patient -- 12.2.3 Television announcement -- Appendix A. The language of women -- Notes -- Appendix B. Acquisition of Marathi -- Phonology -- Morphology -- Syntax -- Semantics -- Other abilities -- Observations -- References -- Subject index -- Name index -- The London Oriental and African Language Library series
Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language, is the official language of Maharashtra, including Mumbai. Father Thomas Stephens, the first English traveler to Goa, a pioneer linguist, wrote Christa Puran in Marathi (1616) and Arte da Lingoa Canarim in Portuguese, printed in (1640). The latter is a grammar of Konkani, a language closely related to Marathi. It is the first grammar of its kind marking a new grammatical tradition for modern Indo-Aryan languages. The present volume contains an extensive account of Marathi phonology, morphology, word formation and syntax. It succinctly describes the accentual system, special compound verb forms, unique pronominal anaphors, complex agreement due to split ergative system, and special pronominal marking. The book also contains a case study of a child's acquisition of Marathi and an essay on Women's Language, the two topics that are increasingly becoming relevant to the grammar
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Dhongde, Ramesh Vaman Marathi Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c2009 9789027238139
主題 Marathi language -- Grammar.;Indo-Aryan languages, Modern
Electronic books
Alt Author Wali, Kashi
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