MARC 主機 00000nam a22004693i 4500 
001    EBC622821 
003    MiAaPQ 
005    20200713055152.0 
006    m     o  d |       
007    cr cnu|||||||| 
008    200713s2009    xx      o     ||||0 eng d 
020    9789027288837|q(electronic bk.) 
020    |z9789027238139 
035    (MiAaPQ)EBC622821 
035    (Au-PeEL)EBL622821 
035    (CaPaEBR)ebr10355453 
035    (CaONFJC)MIL244490 
035    (OCoLC)593233453 
040    MiAaPQ|beng|erda|epn|cMiAaPQ|dMiAaPQ 
050  4 PK2357 -- .D458 2009eb 
082 0  491.4/65 
100 1  Dhongde, Ramesh Vaman 
245 10 Marathi 
264  1 Amsterdam :|bJohn Benjamins Publishing Company,|c2009 
264  4 |c©2009 
300    1 online resource (360 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Marathi -- Editorial page -- Title page -- LCC data -- 
       Table of contents -- Foreword -- Preface -- 
       Acknowledgements -- Abbreviations and symbols -- 
       Abbreviations -- Symbols -- 1. Introduction -- 1.0 Area 
       and speakers -- 1.1 Linguistic characteristics -- 1.2 
       Language and literature -- 1.3 Marathi grammarians -- 1.4 
       Script -- Notes -- 2. Sound system -- 2.1 Vowels and 
       diphthongs -- 2.1.1 Length -- 2.1.2 Borrowed vowels -- 
       2.1.3 Distribution of vowels -- 2.1.4 Nasalization of 
       vowels -- 2.2 Consonants -- 2.2.1 Description of 
       consonants and their distribution -- 2.3 Phonotactics -- 
       2.3.1 Word-initial consonant-clusters -- 2.3.2 Word-medial
       geminates -- 2.3.3 Word-medial non-geminates -- 2.4 
       Syllable structure -- 2.5 Accent -- 2.5.1 Accent rules -- 
       2.6 Phonological processes -- 2.6.1 Assimilation -- 2.6.2 
       Palatalization -- 2.6.3 Aspiration -- 2.6.4 Deaspiration -
       - 2.6.5 Metathesis -- 2.6.6 Devoicing -- 2.6.7 Voicing -- 
       2.6.8 Diphthongization -- 2.6.9 Vowel harmony -- 2.6.10 
       Vowel raising -- 2.6.11 Deletion and insertion -- 2.6.12 
       Vowel to semi-vowel -- 2.7 Intonation -- 2.7.1 Rising -- 
       2.7.2 Falling -- 2.7.3 Level -- 2.7.4 Reversal in use -- 
       2.7.5 Drawled -- 2.7.6 Rise-fall -- 2.7.7 Fall-rise -- 
       2.7.8 Juncture -- Notes -- 3. Morphology -- 3.0 Parts of 
       speech -- 3.1 Noun -- 3.1.1 Gender -- 3.1.2 Number -- 
       3.1.3 Case -- 3.2 Pronoun -- 3.2.1 Personal pronouns -- 
       3.2.2 Reflexive pronouns -- 3.2.3 Reciprocal pronouns -- 
       3.2.4 Demonstrative pronouns -- 3.2.5 Relative and 
       correlative pronouns -- 3.2.6 Interrogative pronouns -- 
       3.2.7 Indefinite pronouns / quantifiers -- 3.3 Adjective -
       - 3.3.1 Inflecting and non-inflecting -- 3.3.2 Adjective 
       types -- 3.4 Verb -- 3.4.1 Auxiliaries and simple verbs --
       3.4.2 Compound verbs -- 3.4.3 Phrasal verbs -- 3.4.4 Tense
       and aspect -- 3.5 Adverb -- 3.5.1 Basic adverbs -- 3.5.2 
       Derived adverbs -- 3.5.3 Minor types 
505 8  3.5.4 Semantic classification -- 3.5.5 Order of adverbs --
       3.6 Postposition -- 3.6.1 Place of postpositions -- 3.6.2 
       Postposition types -- 3.6.3 Compound postpositions -- 3.7 
       Conjunction -- 3.7.1 Coordinating conjunctions -- 3.7.2 
       Subordinating conjunctions -- 3.7.3 Adsententials -- 3.8 
       Particles -- 3.8.1 Assertive particles -- 3.8.2 
       Intensifiers -- 3.9 Interjections -- Notes -- 4. Word 
       formation -- 4.0 Formation of words -- 4.1 Noun formation 
       -- 4.1.1 Prefixation -- 4.1.2 Suffixation -- 4.2 Adjective
       formation -- 4.2.1 Prefixation -- 4.2.2 Suffixation -- 4.3
       Verb formation -- 4.3.1 Verb formation processes -- 4.3.2 
       Suffixation -- 4.3.3 Causative verbs -- 4.3.4 Abilitative 
       verbs -- 4.4 Compounds -- 4.4.1 Conjoining -- 4.4.2 
       Compound nouns -- 4.4.3 Compound adjectives -- 4.5 
       Reduplication -- 4.5.1 Phonological reduplication -- 4.5.2
       Semantic reduplication -- 4.6 Intensifiers -- 4.6.1 
       Function -- 4.7 Diminutives -- 4.7.1 Diminutive suffixes -
       - 4.8 Unique morphemes -- 4.8.1 Gooseberry type morphemes 
       -- Notes -- 5. Subject and agreement -- 5.0 Agreement 
       dilemma -- 5.1 Agreement resolution -- 5.1.1 Non-
       perfective aspect -- 5.1.2 Perfective aspect -- 5.1.3 
       Obligative-desiderative/subjunctive -- 5.1.4 Pronominals -
       - 5.2 Subjects -- 5.2.1 Nominative and ergative subjects -
       - 5.2.2 Dative subjects -- 5.2.3 Passive subjects -- 5.2.4
       Subject hierarchy -- 5.3 Direct objects -- 5.4 Indirect 
       objects -- Notes -- 6. Simple sentences -- 6.0 Sentential 
       structure -- 6.1 Word order -- 6.2 Copular sentences -- 
       6.3 Declarative sentences -- 6.3.1 Intransitives -- 6.3.2 
       Transitives -- 6.3.3 Causatives -- 6.3.4 Impersonal 
       sentences -- 6.4 Null subject sentences -- 6.5 Dative 
       sentences -- 6.6 Passive sentences -- 6.7 Modal sentences 
       -- 6.7.1 Modals by suffixation -- 6.7.2 Compound modals --
       Notes -- 7. Complex sentences -- 7.0 Introduction -- 7.1 
       Complement structures 
505 8  7.1.1 Finite complement clauses -- 7.1.2 Small clause 
       complements -- 7.1.3 Non-finite complement clauses -- 7.2 
       Correlative structures -- 7.2.1 Adjectival correlatives --
       7.2.2 Appositive correlatives -- 7.2.3 Non-finite 
       adjectival relative clauses -- 7.2.4 Adverbial correlative
       clauses -- 7.2.5 Conjunctive adverbial clauses -- Notes --
       8. Compound sentences -- 8.0 Coordination -- 8.1 
       Conjunctive coordinators -- 8.2 Sentence coordination -- 
       8.3 Constituent coordination -- 8.3.1 Noun coordination --
       8.3.2 Pronoun coordination -- 8.3.3 Special verbs -- 8.4 
       Deletion of identical elements -- 8.5 Coordination and 
       accompaniment -- 8.6 Disjunctive structures -- 8.6.1 
       Sentence constituents -- 8.7 Adversative structures -- 9. 
       Interrogative sentences -- 9.0 Introduction -- 9.1 Marathi
       interrogatives -- 9.2 Closed interrogatives -- 9.2.1 
       Neutral questions -- 9.2.2 Alternative questions -- 9.2.3 
       Leading Yes/no questions -- 9.2.4 Rhetorical questions -- 
       9.3 Open interrogatives -- 9.3.1 Questions in simple 
       sentences -- 9.4 The scope of question words -- 9.4.1 
       Reduplicated question words -- 9.4.2 Multiple question 
       words -- 9.4.3 Question words in a non-finite clause -- 
       Notes -- 10. Negation -- 10.0 Introduction -- 10.1 
       Previous accounts -- 10.1.1 Preliminaries -- 10.1.2 Scope 
       vs. focus -- 10.2 Sentential negation -- 10.2.1 
       Imperatives -- 10.2.2 Desiderative/subjunctive -- 10.2.3 
       Obligation -- 10.2.4 Necessity -- 10.2.5 Possibility -- 
       10.3 Quantifiers and negation -- 10.3.1 Existential 
       quantifiers -- 10.3.2 Universal quantifier -- 10.3.3 
       Aggregates -- 10.3.4 Approximate quantifiers -- 10.3.5 
       Negation dependent idioms -- 10.4 Complex sentences -- 
       10.5 Coordinates -- 10.6 Constituent negation -- 10.7 Nahi
       vs. na -- Notes -- 11. Lexical anaphors and pronouns -- 
       11.0 A cross language perspective -- 11.1. Reflexives -- 
       11.1.1 Swәtah -- 11.1.2 Apәn 
505 8  11.1.3 Emphatic reflexives -- 11.1.4 Voluntary reflexives 
       -- 11.1.5 Reflexives in pragmatic contexts -- 11.2 
       Reciprocals -- 11.2.1 Mutual reciprocity -- 11.2.2 
       Reflexive reciprocity -- 11.3 Personal pronouns -- 11.3.1 
       Special pronoun apәn -- 11.3.2 Personal pronouns -- 11.3.3
       Pronouns as logophors -- 11.3.4 Pronouns in discourse -- 
       Notes -- 12. Sample texts -- 12.1 Written samples -- 
       12.1.1 Shrawanbelgol Karnataka Inscription: A.D. 1116-1117
       -- 12.1.2 News -- 12.1.3 Advertisements -- 12.2 Spoken -- 
       12.2.1 Telephone conversation between two women -- 12.2.2 
       Conversation between a doctor and a patient -- 12.2.3 
       Television announcement -- Appendix A. The language of 
       women -- Notes -- Appendix B. Acquisition of Marathi -- 
       Phonology -- Morphology -- Syntax -- Semantics -- Other 
       abilities -- Observations -- References -- Subject index -
       - Name index -- The London Oriental and African Language 
       Library series 
520    Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language, is the official language 
       of Maharashtra, including Mumbai. Father Thomas Stephens, 
       the first English traveler to Goa, a pioneer linguist, 
       wrote Christa Puran in Marathi (1616) and Arte da Lingoa 
       Canarim in Portuguese, printed in (1640). The latter is a 
       grammar of Konkani, a language closely related to Marathi.
       It is the first grammar of its kind marking a new 
       grammatical tradition for modern Indo-Aryan languages. The
       present volume contains an extensive account of Marathi 
       phonology, morphology, word formation and syntax. It 
       succinctly describes the accentual system, special 
       compound verb forms, unique pronominal anaphors, complex 
       agreement due to split ergative system, and special 
       pronominal marking. The book also contains a case study of
       a child's acquisition of Marathi and an essay on Women's 
       Language, the two topics that are increasingly becoming 
       relevant to the grammar 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 Marathi language -- Grammar.;Indo-Aryan languages, Modern 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Wali, Kashi 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aDhongde, Ramesh Vaman|tMarathi
       |dAmsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c2009
       |z9789027238139 
856 40 |uhttps://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sinciatw/
       detail.action?docID=622821|zClick to View