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作者 Lynch, Julia F
書名 The age of welfare: Citizens, clients and generations in the development of the welfare state (Italy, The Netherlands)
國際標準書號 0493823468
book jacket
說明 336 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 63-09, Section: A, page: 3339
Chair: John Zysman
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2002
This dissertation argues that social policy regimes in the advanced industrialized countries differ fundamentally in the extent to which they protect older versus younger citizens. It questions the reasons behind the diverging age-orientations of social policy regimes, arguing that explanations for differences in the character of welfare states drawn from the existing variable-oriented literature---the ideologies of political parties involved in policy-making, the role of corporatist institutions in structuring both labor's and employers' demands, the strength of various welfare state constituency groups---do not account for the observed differences. Rather, diverging age-orientations result from long-term interactions between the institutional foundations of post-war welfare states, in the form of universal versus occupationalist social welfare programs, and politicians' negotiation of the tradeoffs between building state capacity and engaging in preferred strategies of political competition
In the thesis I develop a measure of the age-orientation of social policies, and explore major alternative explanations for why countries might vary on this measure. I then present in-depth historical case studies of the development of three key social programs in Italy and the Netherlands: unemployment coverage, family allowances, and old-age pensions. These case studies explain how two countries facing similar labor market and demographic conditions in the immediate post-war period, and sharing a set of common ideological orientations, end up with welfare states that allocate very different roles to the state in distributing resources across generations. A final section of the thesis employs time series-cross sectional analysis of spending patterns in twenty OECD countries to extend and generalize my own argument that the structure of welfare programs and the mode of political competition interact to produce distinctive age-orientations in the social policy regimes of OECD countries
School code: 0028
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 63-09A
主題 Political Science, General
Sociology, Public and Social Welfare
Sociology, Industrial and Labor Relations
0615
0630
0629
Alt Author University of California, Berkeley
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