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書名 從邯鄲地區漢代以前遺址的跨時分布看環境 / 社會變遷與聚落發展 / 黃銘崇, 林農堯, 黃一凡, 劉彥彬, 柯維盈著
出版項 臺北市 : 中央研究院歷史語言研究所, 2013
館藏地 索書號 處理狀態 OPAC 訊息 條碼
 傅斯年圖書館閱覽室  R Hwang-M-C  2013C    館內使用    30530110776606
說明 601-689面 : 彩圖, 表 ; 26公分
附註 金玉交輝--商周考古、藝術與文化論文集(中央研究院歷史語言研究所會議論文集之十三). 抽印本
關鍵詞: 邯鄲地區、漢代以前、環境變遷、政治變化、聚落發展
Keywords: Handan Region, Pre-Han, Environmental Change, Political Change, Development of Settlements
引用書目: 面679-687
摘要: 本文利用地理資訊系統研究邯鄲地區從新石器時代早期到漢代聚落分佈的變化,將邯鄲地區劃分為洺河流域、滏陽河流域、漳河流域與平原地段。前三者指的是這三大河流的山麓地區,不包括進入平原以後的地段。本研究發現邯鄲地區從新石器時代早期磁山文化起,跨越新石器時代中期(仰韶文化)、新石器時代晚期(後崗文化階段)到商代中晚期迄,由於處於全新世大暖期階段,聚落數量持續成長。到商代晚期三大河流域基本上開發完成,聚落數量眾多,並且明顯地看出晚商王朝的介入與控制,主要是帶有青銅禮器與兵器的貴族進駐於部分聚落。但是,在商代晚期氣候轉寒冷乾燥,此一趨勢一直到西周結束為谷底,然後逐漸轉暖,到了戰國時代,才有恢復現在平均氣溫的水準以上。本研究發現,西周與春秋時代邯鄲地區的聚落大幅減少正與氣候下降曲綫相應,說明氣候變化造成的聚落數量升降或人群生計方式的改變不僅發生於環境敏感地帶,如京津、冀北一帶,在相對溫暖的邯鄲地區,也有明顯的影響。戰國與漢代由於氣溫回暖,濕潤度回升,聚落數量大幅增加,加上邯鄲在此一時期成為戰國七雄之一趙國的首都,使得經濟蓬勃發展,聚落開始出現四個不同等級。此一時期聚落分佈的特徵之一是平原地段的聚落開始增加,主要的原因是鐵器的使用,使得黃河堤防開始修築,黃河下游古三角洲的土地開始可以利用。漢代由於邯鄲不再有大規模的都會區,整體聚落減少,加上平原區大開發,使得洺河流域聚落大幅減少。
Abstract: This research used GIS to examine changes in the distribution of settlements in the Handan region from the early Neolithic period to the Han dynasty. We divide the Handan region into the Ming(洺), Fuyang(滏陽), and Zhang(漳) River basins, and a plains area. The first three of those cover the foothills around these rivers, and do not include the area in the plains or beyond. We find that, starting from the time of the early Neolithic Cishan Culture, the number of settlements in the Handan region began to increase, a trend which continued throughout the middle Neolithic (Yangshao Culture) and the late Neolithic (Hougang Culture) until the mid- to late Shang period since the world was experiencing a Holocene Climatic Optimum. During the late Shang period, the area of these three river basins was essentially developed and had numerous settlements. The late Shang dynasty's influence and control is apparent at this time, chiefly in the entrance of nobility with ritual bronze vessels and weapons into the settlements. Starting in the late Shang period, however, the climate began to turn cooler and drier, reaching a nadir at the end of the Western Zhou period, after which the climate began to become gradually warmer. It was not until the Warring States Period that the climate recovered to a level above the current average temperature. This research finds that the major decrease in the number of settlements in the Handan region during the Western Zhou and Spring and Autumn periods corresponds to the downward trend in temperature. This indicates that variations in the number of settlements and changes to people's way of life caused by the climate occurred in the comparatively warm Handan region, and not just in regions with more sensitive environments such as northern Hebei. Because the climate during the Warring States Period and Han dynasty became warm and moist again, the number of settlements increased greatly. Additionally, Handan became the capital city of Zhao, one of the more powerful of the warring states, which led to economic development and the appearance of settlements of varying scale all over. This period was characterized by a great increase in the number of settlements in the plains area. This owes mainly to the use of iron tools to build dikes along the Yellow River such that the land of that river's ancient delta could be used. During the Han dynasty, the number of settlements decreased because Handan no longer had a large-scale urban area. Additionally, the development of the plains region leads to a major decrease in settlements in the Ming River basin.
主題 考古學 -- 中國 csht
聚落 -- 中國 -- 歷史 csht
Alt Author 黃銘崇 (1958-) 著
林農堯 著
黃一凡 著
劉彥彬 著
柯維盈 著
Alt Title 從邯鄲地區漢代以前遺址的跨時分布看環境社會變遷與聚落發展
The distribution of Pre-Han sites in periodization of the Handan Region : Environment of settlements
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