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作者 Caviedes, Alex
書名 Cracks in fortress Europe? How sectoral needs shape labor migration policy
國際標準書號 9780542885907
book jacket
說明 339 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-09, Section: A, page: 3564
Adviser: Jonathan Zeitlin
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of Wisconsin - Madison, 2006
This dissertation traces the development of labor migration policy, positing that employers' needs for greater worker flexibility have led them to lobby for a new generation of sector-specific labor migration policies. While identifying employers as the initiators of policy change, the dissertation challenges the assumptions of the varieties of capitalism literature, which argues that employers act to preserve institutions that reflect national models of capitalism
Employers' needs for short-term, non-permanent, and lower-wage workers are reflected in policy preferences that vary depending on a sector's flexibility needs. Since policy preferences alone do not determine policy outcomes, the model of policy formation also accounts for national factors that can challenge such initiatives---union opposition, lack of support from central confederations, and entangling immigration debates---and the conditions when these are most influential. Germany and the UK offer ideal subjects for comparison due to their contrasting types of market economies. Austria and the Netherlands furnish additional case studies in select sectors. Tracing the process of policy development in the information technology, hospitality, construction and metalworking sectors, shows that employers preferences on labor market institutions such as migration policy vary more based on sector than on country. The case studies draw from labor market and organizational statistics, media reports, archival materials, and personal interviews with trade union, employers' association, and government ministry representatives. The penultimate chapter also explains why the social partners do not lobby for change at the EU level
The project informs several debates spanning comparative politics and international relations. First, it offers a theoretical refinement of the varieties of capitalism literature on the role of employers in shaping national economic institutions. Second, it offers a microeconomic explanation for why globalization and deregulation pressures support institutional change in some economic sectors yet not others. Third, it challenges the prevailing view in the scholarship on immigration that posits labor union strength as the key explanatory variable in accounting for policy outcomes. By granting analytical priority to employer preferences, it uncovers the microeconomic roots of these preferences, advancing the study of policy development beyond a simple, deterministic focus on contestation between labor and capital
School code: 0262
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-09A
主題 Political Science, General
0615
Alt Author The University of Wisconsin - Madison
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