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作者 Crider, Anthony Lavel
書名 On the interpretation of pronouns and adverbs of quantification [electronic resource]
國際標準書號 9780599974562
book jacket
說明 1 online resource
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 61-10, Section: A, page: 3971
Chair: Robert May
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Irvine, 2000
The Donkey sentence stands out as a focal point for much of the discussion on formal semantic theory and is represented most notably by the sentence if a farmer owns a donkey he usually beats it. Considering that indefinite noun phrases, unbound anaphors, an adverb of quantification, and the conditional, itself, all converge with the result that what individually seem to be simple objects of semantic inquiry behave collectively in not-so-simple ways, it is unsurprising that Donkey sentences have enjoyed the status they do. Herein, I attack the problem of the Donkey sentence by investigating the flow of information from the perspective of a Generate-Capture semantic framework. Compared to prior art, this solution is unique in that information flow is "pushed" from the antecedent to the consequent, rather than "pulled" by the consequent from the antecedent
In a two-part attack on the problem, I first defend the view that all pronouns are universal quantifiers having as their restrictions a structured sequence kappa, wherein the fine-structure of kappa is generated and captured by way of an anaphor's antecedent. And second, I defend the view that adverbs of quantification are restricted probability functions, B , which, for interpretation, require a universally quantified expression to immediately dominate them. During the construal of quantifier expressions, corresponding elements in kappa are established, i.e., generated and captured, so that the elements in kappa are, in essence, predicative. Consequently, a pronoun, pi, is interpreted as a universally quantified expression: ∀xi∈ kappai. On the other hand, an adverb of quantification, adv, is interpreted (and interpretable) only when dominated by a pronoun, a generic indefinite, or a universally quantified noun phrase (and perhaps also a universally quantified event variable): ∀xi∈Xi :Badv&parl0;S&parl0; xi&parr0;&parr0; , where Xi is the quantifier's restriction, and S is the open sentence that comprises the nuclear scope of the adverb of quantification
Finally, beyond the immediate problem of Donkey sentences, I show that the Generate-Capture (kappa/ B ) semantics framework provides a ready solution to other semantic phenomena, such as Bach-Peters sentences, sage plant sentences, and anaphora under negation (e.g., no one teaches in Paris unless he is an ass), among others
School code: 0030
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 61-10A
主題 Linguistics
Alt Author University of California, Irvine
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